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Armenian people

Armenians
Հայեր Hayer
Flag of Armenia.svg
Total population
c. 68 million
Regions with significant populations
Armenia Armenia 3,018,854
 Russia 1,182,388–2,900,000
 United States 1,000,366–1,500,000
 France 250,000–750,000
 Georgia
 •  Abkhazia
168,191
41,864
Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Nagorno Karabakh 146,573
 Lebanon 150,000
 Iran 120,000
 Germany 90,000–110,000
 Syria 100,000
 Ukraine 100,000
 Brazil 100,000
 Greece 80,000
 Argentina 70,000
 Turkey 60,000
 Canada 55,740
 Poland 50,000
Languages
Armenian
Religion
Christianity
Armenian Apostolic Church · Catholic · Protestant
Related ethnic groups
Hemshin, Cherkesogai,

Armenians (Armenian: հայեր, hayer [hɑˈjɛɾ]) are an ethnic group native to the Armenian Highlands.

Armenians constitute the main population of Armenia and the de facto independent Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. There is a wide-ranging diaspora of around 5 million people of full or partial Armenian ancestry living outside of modern Armenia. The largest Armenian populations today exist in Russia, the United States, France, Georgia, Iran, Germany, Ukraine, Lebanon, Brazil and Syria. With the exceptions of Iran and the former Soviet states, the present-day Armenian diaspora was formed mainly as a result of the Armenian Genocide.

Most Armenians adhere to the Armenian Apostolic Church, a non-Chalcedonian church, which is also the world's oldest national church. Christianity began to spread in Armenia soon after Jesus' death, due to the efforts of two of his apostles, St. Thaddeus and St. Bartholomew. In the early 4th century, the Kingdom of Armenia became the first state to adopt Christianity as a state religion.



UCLA conference series proceedings
  • The Armenian Apostolic Church, the world's oldest national church
  • The Armenian General Benevolent Union (AGBU) founded in 1906 and the largest Armenian non-profit organization in the world, with educational, cultural and humanitarian projects on all continents
  • The Armenian Revolutionary Federation, founded in 1890. It is generally referred to as the Dashnaktsutyun, which means Federation in Armenian. The ARF is the strongest worldwide Armenian political organization and the only diasporan Armenian organization with a significant political presence in the Republic of Armenia.
  • Hamazkayin, an Armenian cultural and educational society founded in Cairo in 1928, and responsible for the founding of Armenian secondary schools and institutions of higher education in several countries
  • The Armenian Catholic Church, representing small communities of Armeno-Catholics in different countries around the world, as well as important monastic and cultural institutions in Venice and Vienna
  • Homenetmen, an Armenian Scouting and athletic organization founded in 1910 with a worldwide membership of about 25,000
  • The Armenian Relief Society, founded in 1910
  • I. M. Diakonoff, The Pre-History of the Armenian People (revised, trans. Lori Jennings), Caravan Books, New York (1984), .
  • George A. Bournoutian, A History of the Armenian People, 2 vol. (1994)
  • Hovannisian, Richard G., ed. (September 1997), The Armenian People From Ancient to Modern Times, Volume I - The Dynastic Periods: From Antiquity to the Fourteenth Century, New York: St. Martin's Press, ISBN  
  • Hovannisian, Richard G., ed. (September 1997),  The Armenian People From Ancient to Modern Times , Volume II - Foreign Dominion to Statehood: The Fifteenth Century to the Twentieth Century , New York: St. Martin's Press , ISBN  
  • Redgate, Anne Elizabeth (1999), The Armenians (1st ed.), Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishers, ISBN  
  • Aleksandra Ziolkowska-Boehm, The Polish Experience through World War II: A Better Day Has Not Come, Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2013,
  • Russell D. Gray and Quentin D. Atkinson, "Language-tree divergence times support the Anatolian theory of Indo-European origin", Nature, 426, 435–439 (2003)
  • George A. Bournoutian, A Concise History of the Armenian People (Mazda, 2003, 2004).
  • Ayvazyan, Hovhannes (2003). Հայ Սփյուռք հանրագիտարան [Encyclopedia of Armenian Diaspora] (in Armenian). 1. Yerevan: Armenian Encyclopedia publishing. ISBN . 
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