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Ukraine

Ukraine
Україна
Ukrayina
Flag of Ukraine
Coat of arms of Ukraine
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem: "Shche ne vmerly Ukrainy ni slava ni volya"
"The glory and the will of Ukraine has not yet died" (also – "Ukraine has not yet perished)"
Location of  Ukraine  (green)in Europe  (dark grey)Disputed territory (light green)
  • Location of  Ukraine  (green)

    in Europe  (dark grey)

  • Disputed territory (light green)
Capital
and largest city
Kiev
50°27′N 30°30′E / 50.450°N 30.500°E / 50.450; 30.500
Official languages Ukrainian
Recognised regional languages Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, German, Greek, Hungarian, Karaim, Krymchak, Moldovan, Polish, Romani, Romanian, Russian, Rusyn, Slovak, Yiddish
Ethnic groups (2001)
Demonym Ukrainian
Government Unitary semi-presidential republic
• President
Petro Poroshenko
Volodymyr Groysman
Andriy Parubiy
Legislature Verkhovna Rada
Formation
882
1199
17 August 1649
7 November 1917
1 November 1918
10 March 1919
8 October 1938
15 November 1939
30 June 1941
24 August 1991a
Area
• Total
603,500 km2 (233,000 sq mi) (46th)
• Water (%)
7
Population
• 2016 estimate
42,539,010 (32nd)
• 2001 census
48,457,102
• Density
73.8/km2 (191.1/sq mi) (115th)
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
• Total
$350 billion
• Per capita
$8,230
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
• Total
$87 billion
• Per capita
$2,052
Gini (2014)  24.1
low
HDI (2014) Increase 0.747
high · 81st
Currency Ukrainian hryvnia (UAH)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
• Summer (DST)
EEST (UTC+3)
Drives on the right
Calling code +380
ISO 3166 code UA
Internet TLD
  1. An independence referendum was held on 1 December, after which Ukrainian independence was finalized on 26 December. The current constitution was adopted on 28 June 1996.

in Europe  (dark grey)

Ukraine (Listeni/juːˈkrn/; Ukrainian: Україна, tr. Ukrayina [ukrɑˈjinɑ]) is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe,bordered by Russia to the east and northeast, Belarus to the northwest, Poland and Slovakia to the west, Hungary, Romania, and Moldova to the southwest, and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively. Ukraine is currently in territorial dispute with Russia over the Crimean Peninsula which Russia annexed in 2014 but which Ukraine and most of the international community recognise as Ukrainian. Including Crimea, Ukraine has an area of 603,628 km2 (233,062 sq mi), making it the largest country entirely within Europe and the 46th largest country in the world. It has a population of about 44.5 million, making it the 32nd most populous country in the world.


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Wikipedia

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