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Russian Federation
Российская Федерация
Rossijskaja Federacija
Flag of Russia
Coat of arms of Russia
Flag Coat of arms
Location of Russia (green)Russian-administered Crimea (disputed; light green)a
Location of Russia (green)
Russian-administered Crimea (disputed; light green)a
and largest city
55°45′N 37°37′E / 55.750°N 37.617°E / 55.750; 37.617
Official languages Russian
Ethnic groups (2010)
Demonym Russian
Government Federal semi-presidential constitutional republic
• President
Vladimir Putin
Dmitry Medvedev
Valentina Matviyenko
Vyacheslav Volodin
Legislature Federal Assembly
Federation Council
State Duma
• Arrival of Rurik
• Tsardom
January 16, 1547
• Empire
October 22, 1721
• Republic
September 14, 1917
November 6, 1917
December 30, 1922
June 12, 1990
• Russian Federation
December 25, 1991b
• Total
17,075,200 km2 (6,592,800 sq mi) (1st)
• Water (%)
13 (including swamps)
• 2016 estimate
144,221,341 (without Crimea) (9th)
• Density
8.4/km2 (21.8/sq mi) (217th)
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
• Total
$3.685 trillion (6th)
• Per capita
$25,185 (53rd)
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
• Total
$1.133 trillion (14th)
• Per capita
$7,742 (72nd)
Gini (2013) 40.1
medium · 83rd
HDI (2014) Increase 0.798
high · 50th
Currency Russian ruble (₽) (RUB)
Time zone (UTC+2 to +12)
Date format dd.mm.yyyy
Drives on the right
Calling code +7
ISO 3166 code RU
Internet TLD
  1. The Crimean Peninsula is recognized as territory of Ukraine by a majority of UN member nations, but is de facto administered by Russia.
  2. The Belavezha Accords was signed in Brest, Belarus on December 8, creating the Commonwealth of Independent States in which the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR ratified the accords on December 12, denouncing the 1922 treaty. On December 25, Russian SFSR was renamed the Russian Federation and the following the day on December 26, the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union ratified the accords, effectively dissolving the Soviet Union.

Coordinates: 60°N 90°E / 60°N 90°E / 60; 90

Russia (Listeni/ˈrʌʃə/; Russian: Росси́я, tr. Rossija; IPA: [rɐˈsʲijə]; from the Greek: ΡωσίαRus'), also officially known as the Russian Federation (Russian: Росси́йская Федера́ция, tr. Rossijskaja Federacija; IPA: [rɐˈsʲijskəjə fʲɪdʲɪˈratsɨjə]), is a country in Eurasia. At 17,075,200 square kilometres (6,592,800 sq mi), Russia is the largest country in the world by surface area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 140 million people at the end of March 2016. The European western part of the country is much more populated and urbanised than the eastern, about 77% of the population live in European Russia. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world, other major urban centers include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod and Samara.


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