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Poland

Republic of Poland
Rzeczpospolita Polska
Flag of Poland
Coat of arms of Poland
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem: 
Mazurek Dąbrowskiego
Poland Is Not Yet Lost
Location of  Poland  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Poland  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

Location of Poland
Capital
and largest city
Warsaw
52°13′N 21°02′E / 52.217°N 21.033°E / 52.217; 21.033
Official languages Polish
Regional languages Kashubian
Minority languages Belarusian, Czech, Lithuanian, German, Slovak, Russian, Ukrainian, Yiddish
Ethnic groups (2011)
Demonym
Government Unitary parliamentary republic
• President
Andrzej Duda
Beata Szydło
Legislature National Assembly
Senate
Sejm
Formation
14 April 966
18 April 1025
1 July 1569
24 October 1795
22 July 1807
9 June 1815
11 November 1918
• Invasion of Poland, World War II
1 September 1939
8 April 1945
13 September 1989
1 May 2004
Area
• Total
312,679 km2 (120,726 sq mi) (69th)
• Water (%)
3.07
Population
• 30 June 2014 estimate
38,483,957 (34th)
• Density
123/km2 (318.6/sq mi) (83rd)
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
• Total
$1.051 trillion (21st)
• Per capita
$27,654
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
• Total
$508.857 billion (23rd)
• Per capita
$13,390
Gini (2013) Negative increase 32.73
medium
HDI (2014) Increase 0.843
very high · 36th
Currency Złoty (PLN)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST)
CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on the right
Calling code +48
ISO 3166 code PL
Internet TLD .pl
Website
www.poland.pl
  1. ^a The area of Poland, as given by the Central Statistical Office, is 312,679 km2 (120,726 sq mi), of which 311,888 km2 (120,421 sq mi) is land and 791 km2 (305 sq mi) is internal water surface area.
  2. ^b The adoption of Christianity in Poland is seen by many Poles, regardless of their religious affiliation or lack thereof, as one of the most significant events in their country's history, as it was used to unify the tribes in the region.

Coordinates: 52°N 20°E / 52°N 20°E / 52; 20

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

Poland (Polish: Polska [ˈpɔlska]), officially the Republic of Poland (Polish: Rzeczpospolita Polska,About this sound listen ), is a country in Central Europe, situated between the Baltic Sea in the north and two mountain ranges (the Sudetes and Carpathian Mountains) in the south. Bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine and Belarus to the east; and the Baltic Sea, Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) and Lithuania to the north. The total area of Poland is 312,679 square kilometres (120,726 sq mi), making it the 69th largest country in the world and the 9th largest in Europe. With a population of over 38.5 million people, Poland is the 34th most populous country in the world, the 8th most populous country in Europe and the sixth most populous member of the European Union. Poland is a unitary state divided into 16 administrative subdivisions, and its capital and largest city is Warsaw. Other metropolises include Kraków, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk and Szczecin.


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