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Armenian language

Armenian
հայերէն/հայերեն hayeren
Pronunciation [hɑjɛˈɾɛn]
Native to Armenian Highlands
Native speakers
8-12 million (ca.2001 – some figures undated)
Indo-European
  • Armenian
Early forms
Standard forms
Armenian alphabet
Armenian Braille
Official status
Official language in
Armenia
Nagorno-Karabakh Republic
Recognised minority
language in
Official (de jure) status:
Semi-official or unofficial (de facto) status
Regulated by Institute of Language (Armenian National Academy of Sciences)
Language codes
ISO 639-1 hy
ISO 639-2  (B)
 (T)
ISO 639-3 Variously:
hye – Modern Armenian
xcl – Classical Armenian
axm – Middle Armenian
Glottolog arme1241
Linguasphere 57-AAA-a
Idioma armenio.png
The Armenian-speaking world:
  regions where Armenian is the language of the majority
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

The Armenian language (classical: հայերէն; reformed: հայերեն [hɑjɛˈɾɛn] hayeren) is an Indo-European language spoken by the Armenians. It is the official language of Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. It has historically been spoken throughout the Armenian Highlands and today is widely spoken in the Armenian diaspora. Armenian has its own unique script, the Armenian alphabet, introduced in 405 AD by Mesrop Mashtots.

Armenian is an independent branch of the Indo-European languages. It is of interest to linguists for its distinctive phonological developments within that family. Armenian exhibits more satemization than centumization, although it is not classified as belonging to either of these subgroups. Some linguists tentatively conclude that Armenian, Greek (Phrygian), Albanian and Indo-Iranian were dialectally close to each other; within this hypothetical dialect group, Proto-Armenian was situated between Proto-Greek (centum subgroup) and Proto-Indo-Iranian (satem subgroup).


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