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Republic of Turkey
Türkiye Cumhuriyeti  (Turkish)
Flag of Turkey
Location of Turkey
Capital Ankara
39°55′N 32°50′E / 39.917°N 32.833°E / 39.917; 32.833
Largest city Istanbul
41°1′N 28°57′E / 41.017°N 28.950°E / 41.017; 28.950
Official languages Turkish
Spoken languages See section
Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
• President
Tayyip Erdoğan
Binali Yıldırım
İsmail Kahraman
Legislature Grand National Assembly
Succession to the Ottoman Empire
29 October 1923
7 November 1982
• Total
783,356 km2 (302,455 sq mi) (37th)
• Water (%)
• 2015 census
78,741,053 (18th)
• Density
102/km2 (264.2/sq mi) (107th)
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
• Total
$1.665 trillion (17th)
• Per capita
$21,198 (60th)
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate
• Total
$861 billion (17th)
• Per capita
$11,014 (62nd)
Gini (2013)  40.0
medium · 56th
HDI (2014) Increase 0.761
high · 72nd
Currency Turkish lira (TRY)
Time zone FET (UTC+3)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Drives on the right
Calling code +90
ISO 3166 code TR
Internet TLD .tr

Coordinates: 39°N 35°E / 39°N 35°E / 39; 35

Turkey (Listeni/ˈtɜːrki/; Turkish: Türkiye [ˈtyɾcije]), officially the Republic of Turkey (Turkish: About this sound Türkiye Cumhuriyeti ; pronounced [ˈtyɾcije d͡ʒumˈhuɾijeti]), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe. Turkey is a democratic, secular, unitary, parliamentary republic with a diverse cultural heritage. Turkey is bordered by eight countries: Greece to the west; Bulgaria to the northwest; Georgia to the northeast; Armenia, the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan and Iran to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the south. The Aegean Sea is to the west, the Black Sea to the north, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. The Bosphorus, the Sea of Marmara, and the Dardanelles, which together form the Turkish Straits, divide Thrace and Anatolia; they also separate Europe and Asia. Turkey's location has given it geopolitical and strategic importance throughout history.


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