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Georgia (country)

Georgia
საქართველო
Sakartvelo
Flag of Georgia
Coat of arms of Georgia
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: 
ძალა ერთობაშია
Dzala Ertobashia
Strength is in Unity
Anthem: 
თავისუფლება
Tavisupleba
Freedom
Georgia proper shown in dark green; areas outside of Georgian control shown in pattern.
Georgia proper shown in dark green; areas outside of Georgian control shown in pattern.
Capital Tbilisi
Kutaisi (legislative)
41°43′N 44°47′E / 41.717°N 44.783°E / 41.717; 44.783
Largest city Tbilisi
Official languages Georgian
Ethnic groups (2014) Georgians – 86.8%
Azerbaijanis – 6.2%
Armenians – 4.5%
Others – 2.8%
Demonym Georgian
Government Unitary semi-presidential republic
• President
Giorgi Margvelashvili
Irakli Kobakhidze
Giorgi Kvirikashvili
Legislature Parliament
Independence
26 May 1918
25 February 1921
• from the Soviet Union
Declared
Finalized

9 April 1991
25 December 1991
24 August 1995
Area
• Total
69,700 km2 (26,900 sq mi) (120th)
Population
• 2016 estimate
3,720,400 (131st)
• 2014 census
3,713,804
• Density
53.5/km2 (138.6/sq mi) (137th)
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate
• Total
$35.6 billion (117th)
• Per capita
$9,500
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate
• Total
$14.372 billion
• Per capita
$3,863
Gini (2014) Negative increase 40.9
medium
HDI (2015) Increase 0.754
high · 76th
Currency Georgian lari (₾) (GEL)
Time zone GET (UTC+4)
Drives on the right
Calling code +995
ISO 3166 code GE
Internet TLD .ge .გე
  1. ^ Moved in 2013 from a president-parliamentary system to a premier-presidential system.
  2. ^ Excluding occupied territories.

Coordinates: 42°00′N 43°30′E / 42.000°N 43.500°E / 42.000; 43.500

Georgia (Listeni/ˈɔːrə/; Georgian: საქართველო, tr. Sakartvelo, IPA: [sɑkʰɑrtʰvɛlɔ]) is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia, to the south by Turkey and Armenia, and to the southeast by Azerbaijan. The capital and largest city is Tbilisi. Georgia covers a territory of 69,700 square kilometres (26,911 sq mi), and its 2015 population is about 3.75 million. Georgia is a unitary, semi-presidential republic, with the government elected through a representative democracy.


Region Centre Area (km2) Population Density
Abkhazia Sukhumi 8,660 242,862est 28.04
Adjara Batumi 2,880 333,953 115.95
Guria Ozurgeti 2,033 113,350 55.75
Imereti Kutaisi 6,475 533,906 82.45
Kakheti Telavi 11,311 318,583 28.16
Kvemo Kartli Rustavi 6,072 423,986 69.82
Mtskheta-Mtianeti Mtskheta 6,786 94,573 13.93
Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti Ambrolauri 4,990 32,089 6.43
Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti Zugdidi 7,440 330,761 44.45
Samtskhe-Javakheti Akhaltsikhe 6,413 160,504 25.02
Shida Kartli Gori 5,729 300,382est 52.43
Tbilisi Tbilisi 720 1,108,717 1,539.88
Index Rank Countries reviewed Better than
Freedom House Internet Freedom 2016 10th 65 84.6%
Global Gender Gap Report Global Gender Gap Index 2016 90th 144 37.5%
Index of Economic Freedom 2016 23rd 178 87%
Reporters Without Borders Press Freedom Index 2016 64th 180 64.4%
State of World Liberty Index 2016 60th 180 66.6%
Human Development Index 2015 76th 188 59.5%
Corruption Perceptions Index 2015 48th 168 71.4%
Networked Readiness Index 2016 58th 139 58.2%
Ease of Doing Business Index 2016 16th 190 91.5%
World Freedom Index 2014 61st 165 63%
Legatum Prosperity Index 2016 84th 149 43.6%
Social Progress Index 2016 54th 160 66.2%

Government
General information
News media
  • Fisher, William Bayne; Avery, P.; Hambly, G. R. G; Melville, C. (1991). The Cambridge History of Iran. 7. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN . 
  • Asmus, Ronald. A Little War that Shook the World : Georgia, Russia, and the Future of the West. NYU (2010).
  • Gvosdev, Nikolas K.: Imperial policies and perspectives towards Georgia: 1760–1819, Macmillan, Basingstoke 2000,
  • Goltz, Thomas. Georgia Diary : A Chronicle of War and Political Chaos in the Post-Soviet Caucasus. Thomas Dunne Books (2003).
  • Jones, Stephen. Georgia: A Political History Since Independence (I.B. Tauris, distributed by Palgrave Macmillan; 2012) 376 pages;
  • Lang, David M.: The last years of the Georgian Monarchy: 1658–1832, Columbia University Press, New York 1957
  • Rayfield, Donald (2012). Edge of Empires: A History of Georgia. 
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Wikipedia

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