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Parliament of Georgia

Parliament of Georgia
საქართველოს პარლამენტი
sakartvelos p'arlament'i
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Structure
Seats 150
Current structure of the Parliament of Georgia
Political groups

Government (115)

Supported by

Opposition (34)

Elections
77 by proportional party list
73 by single-member constituencies
Last election
8 and 30 October 2016
Meeting place
Parliament of Georgia in Kutaisi.jpg
Georgian Parliament Building
Kutaisi
Website
www.parliament.ge

Government (115)

Supported by

Opposition (34)

The Parliament of Georgia (Georgian: საქართველოს პარლამენტი, sakartvelos parlament'i Abkhaz: Ақырҭшəыла Апарламент, akyrtshwyla ap'arlament') is the supreme legislature of Georgia. It is unicameral and has 150 members, known as deputies, from which 77 members are proportional representatives and 73 are elected through single-member district plurality system, representing their constituencies. All members of the Parliament are elected for four years on the basis of universal human suffrage. Since May 2012 the Parliament meets at the new Parliament Building in Kutaisi.

The Constitution of Georgia grants Parliament of Georgia central legislative power, which is limited by the Parliaments of the autonomous republics of Adjara and Abkhazia.

The idea of limiting royal power and creating a parliamentary-type body of government was conceived among the aristocrats and citizens in the 12th century Kingdom of Georgia, during the reign of Queen Tamar, the first Georgian female monarch.

In the view Queen Tamar's oppositionists and their leader, Qutlu Arslan (a Georgian Simon de Montfort), the first Georgian Parliament was to be formed of two "Chambers": a) Darbazi – or assembly of aristocrats and influential citizens who would meet from time to time to take decisions on the processes occurring in the country, the implementation of these decisions devolving on the monarch b) Karavi – a body in permanent session between the meetings of the Darbazi. The confrontation ended in the victory of the supporters of unlimited royal power. Qutlu Arslan was arrested on the Queen’s order.


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Wikipedia

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