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Tbilisi

Tbilisi
თბილისი
Tbilisi, Georgia — View of Tbilisi.jpg
Georgia 2011 343b (5680901287).jpg Tbilisi Kartlis Deda monument IMG 8855 1920.jpg
Tbilisi 1464.jpg 2014 Tbilisi, Widoki z Twierdzy Narikala (36).jpg
Narikala, Tbilisi (cropped).jpg
From top: View of Tbilisi,
Holy Trinity Cathedral (Sameba), Kartlis Deda,
Abanotubani, view from Narikala,
Narikala Fortress
Flag of Tbilisi  თბილისი
Flag
Official seal of Tbilisi  თბილისი
Seal
Tbilisi  თბილისი is located in Georgia (country)
Tbilisi  თბილისი
Tbilisi
თბილისი
Location of Tbilisi in Georgia
Coordinates: 41°43′N 44°47′E / 41.717°N 44.783°E / 41.717; 44.783Coordinates: 41°43′N 44°47′E / 41.717°N 44.783°E / 41.717; 44.783
Country  Georgia
Established c. 479 A.D
Government
 • Mayor David Narmania
Area
 • City 720 km2 (280 sq mi)
Highest elevation 770 m (2,530 ft)
Lowest elevation 380 m (1,250 ft)
Population (2014)
 • City 1,118,035
 • Density 3,194.38/km2 (8,273.4/sq mi)
 • Metro 1,485,293
Demonym(s) Tbilisian
Tbilisite
Time zone Georgian Time (UTC+4)
Area code(s) +995 32
Website http://www.tbilisi.gov.ge/
Main ethnic groups of Tbilisi
Year
Georgians
%
Armenians
%
Russians
%
TOTAL
1801-3 4,300 21.5% 14,860 74.3%
20,000
1864/65 winter 14,878 24.8% 28,404 47.3% 12,462 20.7% 60,085
1864/65 summer 14,787 20.8% 31,180 43.9% 12,142 17.1% 71,051
1876 22,156 21.3% 37,610 36.1% 30,813 29.6% 104,024
1897 47,133 29.5% 41,151 36.4% 44,823 28.1% 159,590
1926 112,014 38.1% 100,148 34.1% 45,937 15.6% 294,044
1939 228,394 44% 137,331 26.4% 93,337 18% 519,220
1959 336,257 48.4% 149,258 21.5% 125,674 18.1% 694,664
1970 511,379 57.5% 150,205 16.9% 124,316 14% 889,020
1979 653,242 62.1% 152,767 14.5% 129,122 12.3% 1,052,734
2002 910,712 84.2% 82,586 7.6% 32,580 3% 1,081,679
2014 996,804 89.9% 53,409 4.8% 13,350 1.2% 1,108,717

Tbilisi (Georgian: თბილისი [tʰˈbiliˌsi]), commonly known by its former name Tiflis, and often mispronounced as Tiblisi, is the capital and the largest city of Georgia, lying on the banks of the Kura River with a population of roughly 1.5 million inhabitants. Founded in the 5th century by the monarch of Georgia's ancient precursor the Kingdom of Iberia, Tbilisi has since served, with intermissions, as the capital of various Georgian kingdoms and republics. Under Russian rule, from 1801 to 1917 Tiflis was the seat of the Imperial Viceroy governing both sides of the entire Caucasus.

Located on the crossroads of Europe and Asia, Tbilisi's proximity to lucrative east-west trade routes often made the city a point of contention between various rival empires throughout history and the city's location to this day ensures its position as an important transit route for global energy and trade projects. Tbilisi's varied history is reflected in its architecture, which is a mix of medieval, classical, Middle Eastern, Art Nouveau, Stalinist and Modernist structures.

Historically, Tbilisi has been home to people of diverse cultural, ethnic, and religious backgrounds, though it is overwhelmingly Eastern Orthodox Christian. Notable tourist destinations include cathedrals like Sameba and Sioni, classical Freedom Square, Rustaveli Avenue and Agmashenebeli Avenue, medieval Narikala Fortress, pseudo-Moorish Opera Theater, and the Georgian National Museum.


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