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Republic of Iraq
  • جمهورية العـراق (Arabic)
  • كۆماريى عێراق (Kurdish)
Flag of Iraq
Coat of arms of Iraq
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: الله أكبر (Arabic)
"Allahu Akbar(transliteration)
"God is the Greatest"
Anthem: "Mawtini"
"My Homeland"
Location of Iraq
Location of Iraq
and largest city
33°20′N 44°26′E / 33.333°N 44.433°E / 33.333; 44.433
Official languages
Religion Islam
Demonym Iraqi
Government Federal parliamentary republic
• President
Fuad Masum
Haider al-Abadi
Legislature Council of Representatives
Independence from the United Kingdom
• Kingdom
3 October 1932 (1932-10-03)
14 July 1958
15 October 2005
• Total
437,072 km2 (168,754 sq mi) (59th)
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
38,146,025 (36th)
• Density
82.7/km2 (214.2/sq mi) (125th)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$612 billion (34th)
• Per capita
$16,551 (71st)
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate
• Total
$240.006 billion (47th)
• Per capita
$6,491 (88th)
Gini (2012) 29.5
HDI (2014) Increase 0.654
medium · 121st
Currency Iraqi dinar (IQD)
Time zone AST (UTC+3)
Drives on the right
Calling code +964
ISO 3166 code IQ
Internet TLD .iq
  1. Constitution of Iraq, Article 4 (1st).

Coordinates: 33°N 44°E / 33°N 44°E / 33; 44

Iraq (/ɪˈræk/, Listeni/ɪˈrɑːk/, or /ˈræk/; Arabic: العراق‎‎ al-‘Irāq; Kurdish: عێراقEraq), officially known as the Republic of Iraq (Arabic: جمهورية العـراق‎‎ About this sound Jumhūrīyyat al-‘Irāq; Kurdish: كۆماريى عێراقKomari Eraq) is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest, and Syria to the west. The capital, and largest city, is Baghdad. The main ethnic groups are Arabs and Kurds; others include Assyrians, Turkmen, Shabakis, Yazidis, Armenians, Mandeans, Circassians, and Kawliya. Around 95% of the country's 36 million citizens are Muslims, with Christianity, Yarsan, Yezidism, and Mandeanism also present. The official languages of Iraq are Arabic and Kurdish.


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