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Yazidis

Yazidis
Êzidî
Yezidis of Jabal.jpg
Yazidis on the mountain of Sinjar, Iraqi–Syrian border, 1920s.
Total population
200,000–700,000
Regions with significant populations
 Iraq 650,000
 Germany 100,000–120,000
 Syria 70,000
 Russia 60,586
 Armenia 35,272 (2011 census)
 Georgia 30,843
 Netherlands 10,000
 Sweden 7,000
Religions
Yazdanism
Languages
Northern Kurdish (a.k.a. Ezdiki among some Yazidis)
Yazdanism
Type Syncretic
Classification Ethnoreligious group
Mir Tahseen Said
Baba Sheikh Khurto Hajji Ismail
Headquarters Ain Sifni
Other name(s) Êzidî, Yazdani

The Yazidis (also Yezidis, Êzidî; Listeni/jəˈzdz/ yə-ZEE-dees) are an ethnically Kurdish religious community or an ethno-religious groupindigenous to northern Mesopotamia (see also Ezidkhan) who are strictly endogamous. Their religion, Yazidism is linked to ancient Mesopotamian religions and combines aspects of Zoroastrianism, Islam, Christianity and Judaism. Yazidis who marry non-Yazidis are automatically considered to be converted to the religion of their spouse and therefore are not permitted to call themselves Yazidis. They live primarily in the Nineveh Province of Iraq. Additional communities in Armenia, Georgia, Turkey, Iran, and Syria have been in decline since the 1990s as a result of significant migration to Europe, especially to Germany. The Yazidis' cultural practices are observably Kurdish, and almost all speak Kurmanji (Northern Kurdish). The Soviet Union considered the Yazidis to be Kurds, as does Sharaf Khan Bidlisi's Sheref-nameh of 1597, which cites seven of the Kurdish tribes as being at least partly Yazidi, and Kurdish tribal confederations as containing substantial Yazidi sections.


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Wikipedia

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