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Federal Republic of Germany
Bundesrepublik Deutschland
Flag of Germany
Coat of arms of Germany
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: "Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit"
"Unity and Justice and Freedom" (de facto)
Anthem: Deutschlandlied
(English: "Song of Germany")
(third verse only)
Location of  Germany  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Germany  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

and largest city
52°31′N 13°23′E / 52.517°N 13.383°E / 52.517; 13.383
Official languages German
Ethnic groups (2012)
Demonym German
Government Federal parliamentary republic
• President
Joachim Gauck
Angela Merkel
Norbert Lammert
Malu Dreyer
Andreas Voßkuhle
2 February 962
8 June 1815
18 January 1871
11 August 1919
23 May 1949
1 January 1958
3 October 1990
• Total
357,168 km2 (137,903 sq mi) (63rd)
• 2015 estimate
82,175,700 (16th)
• Density
227/km2 (587.9/sq mi) (58th)
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate
• Total
$3.842 trillion (5th)
• Per capita
$47,033 (20th)
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate
• Total
$3.371 trillion (4th)
• Per capita
$41,267 (20th)
Gini (2014) Negative increase 30.7
HDI (2014) Increase 0.916
very high · 6th
Currency Euro () (EUR)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST)
Drives on the right
Calling code 49
ISO 3166 code DE
Internet TLD .de and .eu
  1. ^ Berlin is the sole constitutional capital and de jure seat of government, but the former provisional capital of the Federal Republic of Germany, Bonn, has the special title of "federal city" (Bundesstadt) and is the primary seat of six ministries; all government ministries have offices in both cities.

Coordinates: 51°N 9°E / 51°N 9°E / 51; 9

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

Germany (Listeni/ˈɜːrməni/; German: Deutschland, pronounced [ˈdɔʏtʃlant]), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland, About this sound listen ), is a federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe. It includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of 357,021 square kilometres (137,847 sq mi), and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With about 82 million inhabitants, Germany is the most populous member state of the European Union. After the United States, it is the second most popular immigration destination in the world. Germany's capital and largest metropolis is Berlin. Other major cities include Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Frankfurt, Stuttgart and Düsseldorf.