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Kingdom of Sweden
Konungariket Sverige
Flag of Sweden
Greater coat of arms of Sweden
Flag Greater coat of arms
Motto: (royal) "För Sverige – i tiden"
"For Sweden – With the Times"
Anthem: Du gamla, Du fria
Thou ancient, thou free
Royal anthemKungssången
Song of the King
Location of  Sweden  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Sweden  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

and largest city

59°21′N 18°4′E / 59.350°N 18.067°E / 59.350; 18.067
Official languages Swedish
Ethnic groups no official statistics
Government Unitary parliamentary
constitutional monarchy
• King
Carl XVI Gustaf
• Speaker
Urban Ahlin
Stefan Löfven
Svante Lindqvist
Legislature Riksdag
• A unified Swedish kingdom established
By the early 12th century
• Part of Kalmar Union
4 November 1814 – August 1905
1 January 1995
• Total
450,295 km2 (173,860 sq mi) (55th)
• Water (%)
• January 2017 estimate
10,004,076 (89th)
• 2017 census
• Density
23.1/km2 (59.8/sq mi) (196th)
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
• Total
$498.130 billion (34th)
• Per capita
$49,678 (17th)
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$521.019 billion (21st)
• Per capita
$51,744 (11th)
Gini (2015) Negative increase 25.4
HDI (2014) Increase 0.907
very high · 14th
Currency Swedish krona (SEK)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST)
Date format yyyy-mm-dd
Drives on the right
Calling code 46
ISO 3166 code SE
Internet TLD .se
  1. ^ "För Sverige – I tiden" has been adopted by Carl XVI Gustaf as his personal motto.
  2. ^ Du gamla, Du fria has never been officially adopted as national anthem, but is so by convention.
  3. ^ Since 1 July 2009. Five other languages are officially recognised as minority languages:Finnish, Meänkieli, Romani, Sami, and Yiddish. The Swedish Sign Language also has a special status.
  4. ^ On 31 December 2012, approximately 27% of the population had a full or partial foreign background.
  5. ^ Since 3 September 1967.
  6. ^ The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.

Coordinates: 63°N 16°E / 63°N 16°E / 63; 16

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

Sweden (Listeni/ˈswdən/ SWEE-dən; Swedish: Sverige [ˈsværjɛ] About this sound listen ), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish: About this sound Konungariket Sverige ), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. It borders Norway to the west and Finland to the east, and is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund. At 450,295 square kilometres (173,860 sq mi), Sweden is the third-largest country in the European Union by area, with a total population of 10.0 million. Sweden consequently has a low population density of 22 inhabitants per square kilometre (57/sq mi), with the highest concentration in the southern half of the country. Approximately 85% of the population lives in urban areas.