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Republic of Finland
Flag of Finland
Coat of arms of Finland
Flag Coat of arms
Maamme  (Finnish)
Vårt land  (Swedish)
"Our Land"
Location of  Finland  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Finland  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

and largest city
60°10′N 024°56′E / 60.167°N 24.933°E / 60.167; 24.933
Official languages
Recognised regional languages Sami (0.04%)
Government Unitary parliamentary republic
• President
Sauli Niinistö
Juha Sipilä
Legislature Eduskunta
• Autonomy
within Russia
29 March 1809
6 December 1917
• First recognized
by the Russian SFSR
4 January 1918
1 January 1995
• Total
338,424 km2 (130,666 sq mi) (64th)
• Water (%)
• July 2016 estimate
5,488,543 (113th)
• 2015 official
• Density
16/km2 (41.4/sq mi) (201st)
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
• Total
$234.578 billion
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
• Total
$234.578 billion
• Per capita
Gini (2014) 25.6
low · 6th
HDI (2014) Increase 0.883
very high · 24th
Currency Euro () (EUR)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
• Summer (DST)
Date format dd.mm.yyyy
Drives on the right
Calling code +358
Patron saint St Henry of Uppsala
ISO 3166 code FI
Internet TLD .fia
  1. The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

Finland (Listeni/ˈfɪnlənd/; Finnish: Suomi [suomi]; Swedish: Finland [ˈfɪnland]), officially the Republic of Finland, is a sovereign state in Northern Europe. A peninsula with the Gulf of Finland to the south and the Gulf of Bothnia to the west, the country has land borders with Sweden to the northwest, Norway to the north, and Russia to the east. Estonia is south of the country across the Gulf of Finland. Finland is a Nordic country situated in the geographical region of Fennoscandia, which also includes Scandinavia. Finland's population is 5.5 million (2014), staying roughly on the same level over the past two decades. The majority of the population is concentrated in the southern region. In terms of area, it is the eighth largest country in Europe and the most sparsely populated country in the European Union.