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Saudi Arabia

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
المملكة العربية السعودية
Al-Mamlakah Al-ʾĀrabīyah As-Saʿūdīyah
Flag of Saudi Arabia
Emblem of Saudi Arabia
Flag Emblem
Motto: لا إله إلا الله، محمد رسول الله
"Lā ʾilāha ʾillāl–lāh, Muhammadun rasūl allāh"
"There is no god but God; Muhammad is the messenger of God." (Shahada)
Anthem: السلام الملكي (as an instrumental)
"as-Salām al-Malakiyy"
"The Royal Salute"
Location of Saudi Arabia
Capital
and largest city
Riyadh
24°39′N 46°46′E / 24.650°N 46.767°E / 24.650; 46.767
Official languages Arabic
Ethnic groups 90% Arab
10% Afro-Arab
Religion Sunni Islam (official)
Wahhabism (Salafism) (unofficial)
Demonym
Government Unitary Islamic absolute monarchy
Salman bin Abdulaziz
Mohammad bin Nayef
Mohammad bin Salman
Legislature None (Legislation passed by the Council of Ministers)
Establishment
23 September 1932
Area
• Total
2,149,690 km2 (830,000 sq mi) (12th)
• Water (%)
0.7
Population
• 2017 estimate
33,000,000 (40th)
• Density
15/km2 (38.8/sq mi) (216th)
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
• Total
$1.914 trillion (13th)
• Per capita
$58,000 (13th)
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
• Total
$693.000 billion (19th)
• Per capita
$21,000 (37th)
HDI (2014) Increase 0.837
very high · 39th
Currency Saudi riyal (SR) (SAR)
Time zone AST (UTC+3)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy (AH)
Drives on the right
Calling code +966
ISO 3166 code SA
Internet TLD
  1. ^ Legislation is by king's decree. The Consultative Assembly exists to advise the king.

Saudi Arabia (Listeni/ˌsɔːd əˈrbiə/, Listeni/ˌs-/), officially known as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), is an Arab sovereign state in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula. With a land area of approximately 2,150,000 km2 (830,000 sq mi), Saudi Arabia is geographically the fifth-largest state in Asia and second-largest state in the Arab world after Algeria. Saudi Arabia is bordered by Jordan and Iraq to the north, Kuwait to the northeast, Qatar, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates to the east, Oman to the southeast, and Yemen to the south. It is separated from Israel and Egypt by the Gulf of Aqaba. It is the only nation with both a Red Sea coast and a Persian Gulf coast, and most of its terrain consists of arid desert or barren landforms.


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