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State of Qatar
دولة قطر
Dawlat Qatar
Flag of Qatar
Emblem of Qatar
Flag Emblem
Anthem: السلام الأميري
As Salam al Amiri  (transliteration)
Amiri Salute

Location and extent of Qatar (dark green) on the Arabian Peninsula.
Location and extent of Qatar (dark green) on the Arabian Peninsula.
and largest city
25°18′N 51°31′E / 25.300°N 51.517°E / 25.300; 51.517
Official languages Arabic, English
Religion Islam
Demonym Qatari
Government Unitary constitutional monarchy
• Emir
Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani
• Deputy Emir
Abdullah bin Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani
Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani
Legislature Consultative Assembly
18 December 1878
• Declared independence

1 September 1971
• Independence from the United Kingdom

3 September 1971
• Total
11,586 km2 (4,473 sq mi) (164th)
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
2,576,181 (142nd)
• 2010 census
1,699,435 (148th)
• Density
176/km2 (455.8/sq mi) (76th)
GDP (PPP) 2014 estimate
• Total
$333.936 billion (49th)
• Per capita
$145,894 (1st)
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate
• Total
$185.395 billion
• Per capita
$68,940 (4th)
Gini (2007) 41.1
HDI (2014) Increase 0.850
very high · 32nd
Currency Riyal (QAR)
Time zone AST (UTC+3)
Drives on the right
Calling code +974
ISO 3166 code QA
Internet TLD
  1. ^ Only about 12% percent are Qatari nationals.

Coordinates: 25°30′N 51°15′E / 25.500°N 51.250°E / 25.500; 51.250

Qatar (/ˈkæˌtɑːr/,Listeni/ˈkɑːtɑːr/, /ˈkɑːtər/ or Listeni/kəˈtɑːr/;Arabic: قطر‎‎ Qatar [ˈqɑtˤɑr]; local vernacular pronunciation: [ɡɪtˤɑr]), officially the State of Qatar (Arabic: دولة قطر‎‎ Dawlat Qatar), is a sovereign country located in Western Asia, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. Its sole land border is with Saudi Arabia to the south, with the rest of its territory surrounded by the Persian Gulf. A strait in the Persian Gulf separates Qatar from the nearby island country of Bahrain, as well as sharing maritime borders with the United Arab Emirates and Iran.


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