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State of Israel
  • מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל (Hebrew)
  • دَوْلَة إِسْرَائِيل (Arabic)
Centered blue star within a horizontal triband
Centered menorah surrounded by two olive branches
Flag Emblem
Anthem: "Hatikvah" (Hebrew for "The Hope")

Location of Israel (in green)
Location of Israel
and largest city
Jerusalem (internationally unrecognized)
31°47′N 35°13′E / 31.783°N 35.217°E / 31.783; 35.217
Official languages
Ethnic groups (2016)
Demonym Israeli
Government Unitary parliamentary republic
• President
Reuven Rivlin
Benjamin Netanyahu
Legislature Knesset
• Declared
14 May 1948
11 May 1949
• Total
20,770–22,072 km2 (8,019–8,522 sq mi) (149th)
• Water
440 km2 (170 sq mi)
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
8,602,000 (96th)
• 2008 census
• Density
391/km2 (1,012.7/sq mi) (35th)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$312.409 billion (56th)
• Per capita
$36,023 (34th)
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$327.630 billion (35th)
• Per capita
$37,778 (23rd)
Gini (2013) 42.8
HDI (2014) Increase 0.894
very high · 18th
Currency New shekel (‎) (ILS)
Time zone IST (UTC+2)
• Summer (DST)
Date format
  • אא-בב-גגגג (AM)
  • dd-mm-yyyy (CE)
Drives on the right
Calling code +972
ISO 3166 code IL
Internet TLD .il
  1. ^ 20,770 is Israel within the Green Line. 22,072 includes the annexed Golan Heights and East Jerusalem.

Coordinates: 31°N 35°E / 31°N 35°E / 31; 35

Israel (/ˈɪzrəl/; Hebrew: יִשְׂרָאֵלYisrā'el; Arabic: إِسْرَائِيل‎‎ Isrāʼīl), officially known as the State of Israel (Hebrew: מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵלAbout this sound Medīnat Yisrā'el [mediˈnat jisʁaˈʔel]; Arabic: دَوْلَة إِسْرَائِيل‎‎ Dawlat Isrāʼīl [dawlat ʔisraːˈʔiːl]), is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea. It has land borders with Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan on the east, the Palestinian territories of the West Bank and Gaza Strip to the east and west, respectively, and Egypt to the southwest. The country contains geographically diverse features within its relatively small area. Israel's financial and technology center is Tel Aviv, while its seat of government and proclaimed capital is Jerusalem, although the state's sovereignty over the city of Jerusalem is internationally unrecognized.