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Lebanese Republic
الجمهورية اللبنانية
al-Jumhūrīyah al-Lubnānīyah
Flag of Lebanon
Coat of arms of Lebanon
Flag Coat of arms
Location of Lebanon
Location of Lebanon
and largest city
33°54′N 35°32′E / 33.900°N 35.533°E / 33.900; 35.533
Official languages Arabic
Demonym Lebanese
Government Unitary parliamentary
multi-confessionalist republic
• President
Michel Aoun
Saad Hariri
Nabih Berri
Legislature Parliament
1 September 1920
• Constitution
23 May 1926
• Independence declared
22 November 1943
• Independence (Joined UN / French Mandate ended)
24 October 1945
• Withdrawal of French forces
31 December 1946
• Total
10,452 km2 (4,036 sq mi) (166th)
• Water (%)
• 2015 estimate
6,184,701 (112th)
• Density
560/km2 (1,450.4/sq mi) (21st)
GDP (PPP) 2014 estimate
• Total
$81.122 billion (88th)
• Per capita
$17,986 (80th)
GDP (nominal) 2014 estimate
• Total
$49.919 billion (86th)
• Per capita
$11,068 (71st)
HDI (2014) Increase 0.769
high · 67th
Currency Lebanese pound (LBP)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
• Summer (DST)
Drives on the right
Calling code +961
ISO 3166 code LB
Internet TLD .lb

Coordinates: 33°50′N 35°50′E / 33.833°N 35.833°E / 33.833; 35.833

Lebanon (Listeni/ˈlɛbənɒn/; Arabic: لبنان‎‎ Libnān; Lebanese Arabic: [lɪbˈnæːn]; French: Liban), officially known as the Lebanese Republic (Arabic: الجمهورية اللبنانية‎‎ al-Jumhūrīyah al-Lubnānīyah; Lebanese Arabic: [elˈʒʊmhuːɾɪjje l.ˈlɪbnæːnɪjje]), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. It is bordered by Syria to the north and east and Israel to the south, while Cyprus is west across the Mediterranean Sea. Lebanon's location at the crossroads of the Mediterranean Basin and the Arabian hinterland facilitated its rich history and shaped a cultural identity of religious and ethnic diversity. At just 10,452 km2 (4,036 sq. mi.), it is the smallest recognized country on the entire mainland Asian continent.


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