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Arab Republic of Egypt
Flag of Egypt
Coat of arms of Egypt
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem: Bilady, Bilady, Bilady
My country, my country, my country
EGY orthographic.svg
and largest city
30°2′N 31°13′E / 30.033°N 31.217°E / 30.033; 31.217
Official languages Arabic
National language Egyptian Arabic
Demonym Egyptian
Government Unitary semi-presidential
• President
Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
Sherif Ismail
Legislature House of Representatives
• Unification of Upper
and Lower Egypt
c. 3150 BC
• Muhammad Ali Dynasty inaugurated
9 July 1805
28 February 1922
23 July 1952
18 June 1953
18 January 2014
• Total
1,010,407.87 km2 (390,120.66 sq mi) (30th)
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
92,478,000 (15th)
• 2006 census
• Density
90/km2 (233.1/sq mi) (118th)
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate
• Total
$1.047 trillion (24th)
• Per capita
$11,849 (100th)
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate
• Total
$330.765 billion (34th)
• Per capita
$3,740 (115th)
Gini (2008) 30.8
HDI (2014) Increase 0.690
medium · 108th
Currency Egyptian pound (EGP)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
Drives on the right
Calling code +20
ISO 3166 code EG
Internet TLD
  1. ^ Literary Arabic is the sole official language.Egyptian Arabic is the national spoken language. Other dialects and minority languages are spoken regionally.
  2. "Among the peoples of the ancient Near East, only the Egyptians have stayed where they were and remained what they were, although they have changed their language once and their religion twice. In a sense, they constitute the world's oldest nation". Arthur Goldschmidt Jr.
  3. ^ See Daylight saving time in Egypt.
Arabic: Jumhūrīyat Miṣr al-ʿArabīyah
Egyptian: Gomhoreyet Maṣr El ʿArabeya

Coordinates: 26°N 30°E / 26°N 30°E / 26; 30

Egypt (Listeni/ˈɪpt/ EE-jipt; Arabic: مِصر‎‎ Miṣr, Egyptian Arabic: مَصر‎‎ Maṣr,Coptic: Ⲭⲏⲙⲓ Kimi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula. Egypt is a Mediterranean country bordered by the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba to the east, the Red Sea to the east and south, Sudan to the south, and Libya to the west. Across the Gulf of Aqaba lies Jordan, and across from the Sinai Peninsula lies Saudi Arabia, although Jordan and Saudi Arabia do not share a land border with Egypt. It is the world's only contiguous Afrasian nation.


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