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Libya

Libya
ليبيا

Flag of Libya
National emblem of Libya
Flag National emblem
Anthem: ليبيا ليبيا ليبيا
"Libya, Libya, Libya"
Location of Libya
Location of Libya
Capital
and largest city
Tripoli
32°52′N 13°11′E / 32.867°N 13.183°E / 32.867; 13.183
Official languages Arabic
Spoken languages
Religion Islam
Demonym Libyan
Government Provisional government
Fayez al-Sarraj
• Prime Minister (GNA)
Fayez al-Sarraj
• President of the House of Representatives (Libya)
Aguila Saleh Issa
• Prime Minister (Tobruk)
Abdullah al-Thani
• Prime Minister (GNS)
Khalifa al-Ghawil
• Prime Minister (HCR)
Omar al-Hassi
Legislature House of Representatives
High Council of State
Formation
• Independence from Italy
10 February 1947
• Released from British and French oversight
24 December 1951
1 September 1969
17 February 2011
23 October 2011
• Handover to the General National Congress
8 August 2012
Area
• Total
1,759,541 km2 (679,363 sq mi) (16th)
Population
• 2015 estimate
6,411,776 (108th)
• 2006 census
5,658,000
• Density
3.55/km2 (9.2/sq mi) (218th)
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
• Total
$90.892 billion
• Per capita
$14,236
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
• Total
$39.389 billion
• Per capita
$6,169 (97th)
HDI (2014) Decrease 0.724
high · 94th
Currency Libyan dinar (LYD)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
Drives on the right
Calling code +218
ISO 3166 code LY
Internet TLD .ly
  1. ^ United Nations note concerning official name: "Following the adoption by the General Assembly of resolution 66/1, the Permanent Mission of Libya to the United Nations formally notified the United Nations of a Declaration by the National Transitional Council of 3 August changing the official name of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya to "Libya" and changing Libya's national flag."
  2. ^ Libyan Arabic and other varieties and Amazigh languages in certain western and southern areas.. The official language is simply identified as "Arabic" (Constitutional Declaration, article 1).
  3. ^ The UK and France held a joint condominium over Libya through the United Nations Trusteeship Council.

Libya (Arabic: ليبيا‎‎ Lībiyā) is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south, and Algeria and Tunisia to the west. The three traditional parts of the country are Tripolitania, Fezzan and Cyrenaica. With an area of almost 1.8 million square kilometres (700,000 sq mi), Libya is the fourth largest country in Africa, and is the 16th largest country in the world. Libya has the 10th-largest proven oil reserves of any country in the world.

The largest city and capital, Tripoli, is located in western Libya and contains over one million of Libya's six million people. The other large city is Benghazi, which is located in eastern Libya.

Libya has been inhabited by Berbers since the late Bronze Age. The Phoenicians established trading posts in western Libya, and ancient Greek colonists established city-states in eastern Libya. Libya was variously ruled by Carthaginians, Persians, Egyptians and Greeks before becoming a part of the Roman Empire. Libya was an early center of Christianity. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the area of Libya was mostly occupied by the Vandals until the 7th century, when invasions brought Islam and Arab colonization. In the 16th century, the Spanish Empire and the Knights of St John occupied Tripoli, until Ottoman rule began in 1551. Libya was involved in the Barbary Wars of the 18th and 19th centuries. Ottoman rule continued until the Italian occupation of Libya resulted in the temporary Italian Libya colony from 1911 to 1943. During the Second World War Libya was an important area of warfare in the North African Campaign. The Italian population then went into decline. Libya became an independent kingdom in 1951.


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