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Italy

Italian Republic
Repubblica italiana  (Italian)
Flag of Italy
Emblem of Italy
Flag Emblem
Anthem: Il Canto degli Italiani  (Italian)
"The Song of the Italians"
Location of  Italy  (dark green)– in Europe  (light green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (light green)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Italy  (dark green)

– in Europe  (light green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (light green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Rome
41°54′N 12°29′E / 41.900°N 12.483°E / 41.900; 12.483
Official languages Italiana
Religion
Demonym Italian
Government Unitary parliamentary republic
• President
Sergio Mattarella
Paolo Gentiloni
Pietro Grasso
Laura Boldrini
Legislature Parliament
Senate of the Republic
Chamber of Deputies
Formation
17 March 1861
• Republic
2 June 1946
• Founded the EEC (now the European Union)
1 January 1958
Area
• Total
301,338 km2 (116,347 sq mi) (72nd)
• Water (%)
2.4
Population
• 2015 estimate
60,674,003 (23rd)
• 2011 census
59,433,744 (23rd)
• Density
201.3/km2 (521.4/sq mi) (63rd)
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
• Total
$2.213 trillion (12th)
• Per capita
$36,191 (31st)
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
• Total
$1.852 trillion (8th)
• Per capita
$30,294 (25th)
Gini (2014) 32.7
medium
HDI (2014) Steady 0.873
very high · 27th
Currency Euro ()b (EUR)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST)
CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on the right
Calling code +39c
ISO 3166 code IT
Internet TLD .itd
  1. French is co-official in the Aosta Valley; Slovene is co-official in the province of Trieste and the province of Gorizia; German and Ladin are co-official in South Tyrol.
  2. Before 2002, the Italian Lira. The euro is accepted in Campione d'Italia, but the official currency there is the Swiss Franc.
  3. To call Campione d'Italia, it is necessary to use the Swiss code +41.
  4. The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.

Coordinates: 43°N 12°E / 43°N 12°E / 43; 12

– in Europe  (light green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (light green)  –  [Legend]

Italy (Italian: Italia [iˈtaːlja]), officially the Italian Republic (Italian: Repubblica italiana), is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe. Located in the heart of the Mediterranean Sea, Italy shares open land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, San Marino and Vatican City. Italy covers an area of 301,338 km2 (116,347 sq mi) and has a largely temperate seasonal climate; due to its shape, it is often referred to in Italy as lo Stivale (the Boot). With 61 million inhabitants, it is the fourth most populous EU member state.


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Wikipedia

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