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Republic of the Sudan
جمهورية السودان
Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān
Flag of Sudan
Emblem of Sudan
Flag Emblem
Motto: النصر لنا (Arabic)
"An-Naṣr lanā"
"Victory is ours"
Sudan in dark green, disputed regions in light green.
Sudan in dark green, disputed regions in light green.
Location of Sudan
Capital Khartoum
15°38′N 032°32′E / 15.633°N 32.533°E / 15.633; 32.533
Largest city Omdurman
Official languages
Religion Islam
Demonym Sudanese
Government Dominant-party federal presidential republic
• President
Omar al-Bashir
Bakri Hassan Saleh
Legislature National Legislature
Council of States
National Assembly
3500 BC
• Independence (from the United Kingdom and Egypt)
1 January 1956
9 January 2005
• Secession of South Sudan
15 January 2011
• Total
1,886,068 km2 (728,215 sq mi) (15th)
• 2015 estimate
40,235,000 (35th)
• 2008 census
30,894,000 (disputed)
• Density
21.3/km2 (55.2/sq mi)
GDP (PPP) 2014 estimate
• Total
$179.5 billion
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
• Total
$84.33 billion
• Per capita
Gini (2009) 35.3
HDI (2013) Steady 0.473
low · 166th
Currency Sudanese pound (SDG)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Drives on the right
Calling code +249
ISO 3166 code SD
Internet TLD .sd, سودان.

Sudan (Arabic: السودان‎‎ as-Sūdān, English pronunciation (US) Listeni/suˈdæn/, (GB) /sˈdɑːn/), also known as North Sudan and officially the Republic of the Sudan (Arabic: جمهورية السودان‎‎ Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān), is a country in Northern Africa. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea, Eritrea, and Ethiopia to the east, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest. It is the third largest country in Africa. The River Nile divides the country into eastern and western halves. Before the Sudanese Civil War, South Sudan was part of Sudan but broke away in 2011. Its predominant religion is Islam.