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Arabic

Arabic
العَرَبِيَّة / عَرَبِيّ
ʻarabiyy / al-ʻarabiyyah
Arabic albayancalligraphy.svg
al-ʿArabiyyah in written Arabic (Naskh script)
Pronunciation /ʕaraˈbijː/, /ʔalʕaraˈbijːah/
Native to Countries of the Arab League, minorities in neighboring countries and some parts of Asia,Africa, Europe etc.
Native speakers
420 million (2016)
Standard forms
Dialects
Arabic alphabet
Arabic Braille
Syriac alphabet (Garshuni)
Hebrew alphabet (Judeo-Arabic languages)
Greek alphabet (Cypriot Maronite Arabic)
Latin script (Maltese, Lebanese Arabic, Moroccan Arabic, Libyan Arabic, Tunisian Arabic)
Signed Arabic (national forms)
Official status
Official language in
Modern Standard Arabic is an official language of 28 states, the third most after English and French
Regulated by
Language codes
ISO 639-1 ar
ISO 639-2
ISO 639-3
Glottolog arab1395
Linguasphere 12-AAC
Dispersión lengua árabe.png
Dispersion of native Arabic speakers as the majority (green) or minority (chartreuse) population
Arabic speaking world.svg
Use of Arabic as the national language (green), as an official language (dark blue), and as a regional/minority language (light blue)
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Arabic (Arabic: العَرَبِيَّة‎‎, al-ʻarabiyyah [ʔalʕaraˈbijːah ] or Arabic: عَرَبِيّ‎‎ ʻarabiyy [ʕaraˈbijː ]) is a Central Semitic language that was first spoken in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. Arabic also is a liturgical language of 1.7 billion Muslims. It is one of six official languages of the United Nations. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, and from northwestern Arabia to the Sinai in the south.

The modern written language (Modern Standard Arabic) is derived from the language of the Quran (known as Classical Arabic or Quranic Arabic). It is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic, which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Quranic Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-Quranic era, especially in modern times.


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