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Senegal

Republic of Senegal
République du Sénégal  (French)
Flag of Senegal
Coat of arms of Senegal
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: "Un Peuple, Un But, Une Foi" (French)
"One People, One Goal, One Faith"
Anthem: 
Pincez Tous vos Koras, Frappez les Balafons
Everyone strum your koras, strike the balafons
Location of  Senegal  (dark blue)– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)– in the African Union  (light blue)
Location of  Senegal  (dark blue)

– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)

Location of Senegal
Capital
and largest city
Dakar
14°40′N 17°25′W / 14.667°N 17.417°W / 14.667; -17.417
Official languages French
National languages
Ethnic groups ()
Demonym Senegalese
Government Semi-presidential republic
• President
Macky Sall
Mohammed Dionne
Legislature Parliament
Senate (disbanded)
National Assembly
Independence
• from Francea
4 April 1960
• Withdrawal from
the Mali Federation
20 August 1960
Area
• Total
196,712 km2 (75,951 sq mi) (87th)
• Water (%)
2.1
Population
• 2013 estimate
13,567,338 (67th)
• 2013 census
13,508,715
• Density
68.7/km2 (177.9/sq mi) (134th)
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
• Total
$38.912 billion
• Per capita
$2,525
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
• Total
$15.197 billion
• Per capita
$986
Gini (2011) 40.3
medium
HDI (2014) 0.466
low · 170th
Currency CFA franc (XOF)
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)
Drives on the right
Calling code +221
ISO 3166 code SN
Internet TLD .sn

Coordinates: 14°N 14°W / 14°N 14°W / 14; -14

– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)

Senegal (Listeni/ˌsɛnˈɡɔːl, -ˈɡɑːl/; French: Sénégal), officially the Republic of Senegal (French: République du Sénégal [ʁepyblik dy seneɡal]), is a country in West Africa. Senegal is bordered by Mauritania in the north, Mali to the east, Guinea to the southeast, and Guinea-Bissau to the southwest. Senegal also borders The Gambia, a country occupying a narrow sliver of land along the banks of the Gambia River, which separates Senegal's southern region of Casamance from the rest of the country. Senegal also shares a maritime border with Cape Verde. Senegal's economic and political capital is Dakar. It is the westernmost country in the mainland of the Old World, or Afro-Eurasia, and owes its name to the Senegal River, which borders it to the east and north. The name "Senegal" comes from the Wolof "Sunuu Gaal", which means "Our Boat". Senegal covers a land area of almost 197,000 square kilometres (76,000 sq mi) and has an estimated population of about 13 million. The climate is Sahelian, but there is a rainy season.



Trade
  • Babou, Cheikh Anta, Fighting the Greater Jihad: Amadu Bamba and the Founding of the Muridiyya of Senegal, 1853–1913, (Ohio University Press, 2007)
  • Behrman, Lucy C, Muslim Brotherhood and Politics in Senegal, (iUniverse.com, 1999)
  • Buggenhage, Beth A, Muslim Families in Global Senegal: Money Takes Care of Shame, (Indiana University Press, 2012)
  • Bugul, Ken, The Abandoned Baobab: The Autobiography of a Senegalese Woman, (University of Virginia Press, 2008)
  • Foley, Ellen E, Your Pocket is What Cures You: The Politics of Health in Senegal, (Rutgers University Press, 2010)
  • Gellar, Sheldon, Democracy in Senegal: Tocquevillian Analytics in Africa, (Palgrave Macmillan, 2005)
  • Glover, John, Sufism and Jihad in Modern Senegal: The Murid Order, (University of Rochester Press, 2007)
  • Kane, Katharina, Lonely Planet Guide: The Gambia and Senegal, (Lonely Planet Publications, 2009)
  • Kueniza, Michelle, Education and Democracy in Senegal, (Palgrave Macmillan, 2011)
  • Mbacké, Khadim, Sufism and Religious Brotherhoods in Senegal, (Markus Wiener Publishing Inc., 2005)
  • Streissguth, Thomas, Senegal in Pictures, (Twentyfirst Century Books, 2009)
  • Various, Insight Guide: Gambia and Senegal, (APA Publications Pte Ltd., 2009)
  • Various, New Perspectives on Islam in Senegal: Conversion, Migration, Wealth, Power, and Femininity, (Palgrave Macmillan, 2009)
  • Various, Senegal: Essays in Statecraft, (Codesria, 2003)
  • Various, Street Children in Senegal, (GYAN France, 2006)
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Wikipedia

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