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French Republic
République française
Flag of France
National emblem of France
Flag National emblem
Motto: "Liberté, égalité, fraternité"
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
Anthem: "La Marseillaise"
The territory of France[I] (dark blue) and its EEZ (in lighter blue)
The territory of France (dark blue) and its EEZ (in lighter blue)
Location of  metropolitan France  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)
Location of  metropolitan France  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)

and largest city
48°51.4′N 2°21.05′E / 48.8567°N 2.35083°E / 48.8567; 2.35083
Official language
and national language
Ethnic groups
  • 89.4% French
  • 4.4% French (by acquisition)
  • 6.2% Foreigners
  • 8.9% Immigrants
Demonym French
Government Unitary semi‑presidential republic
• President
François Hollande
Bernard Cazeneuve
Gérard Larcher
Claude Bartolone
Legislature Parliament
National Assembly
• Francia unified
August 843
22 September 1792
• Founded the EEC
1 January 1958
4 October 1958
• Total
643,801 km2 (248,573 sq mi) (41st)
551,695 km2 (50th)
213,010 sq mi
543,940.9 km2 (50th)
210,026 sq mi
• Total 2017​ estimate
66,991,000 (20th)
• Metropolitan France January 2017 estimate
64,859,000 (22nd)
• Density
116/km2 (300.4/sq mi) (89th)
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate
• Total
$2.647 trillion (10th)
• Per capita
$41,181 (24th)
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate
• Total
$2.422 trillion (6th)
• Per capita
$37,675 (20th)
Gini (2013) 30.1
HDI (2014) Increase 0.888
very high · 22nd
Time zone CET(UTC+1)
• Summer (DST)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Drives on the right
Calling code +33
ISO 3166 code FR
Internet TLD .fr

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)

France (French: [fʁɑ̃s]), officially the French Republic (République française [ʁepyblik fʁɑ̃sɛz]), is a country with territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The European, or metropolitan, area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. Overseas France include French Guiana on the South American continent and several island territories in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. France spans 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and had a total population of almost 67 million people as of January 2017. It is a unitary semi-presidential republic with the capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban centres include Marseille, Lyon, Lille, Nice, Toulouse and Bordeaux.