Don't miss the piglix.com special BONUS offer during our Beta-test period. The next 100 new Registered Users (from a unique IP address), to post at least five (5) piglix, will receive 1,000 extra sign-up points (eventually exchangeable for crypto-currency)!

* * * * *    Free piglix.com Launch Promotions    * * * * *

  • Free Ads! if you are a small business with annual revenues of less than $1M - piglix.com will place your ads free of charge for up to one year! ... read more

  • $2,000 in free prizes! piglix.com is giving away ten (10) Meccano Erector sets, retail at $200 each, that build a motorized Ferris Wheel (or one of 22 other models) ... see details

Ethiopia

Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዴሞክራሲያዊሪፐብሊክ
yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk
Flag of Ethiopia
Emblem of Ethiopia
Flag Emblem
Anthem: 
ወደፊት ገስግሺ ውድ እናት ኢትዮጵያ
March Forward, Dear Mother Ethiopia
Location of Ethiopia
Location of Ethiopia
Capital
and largest city
Addis Ababa
9°1′N 38°45′E / 9.017°N 38.750°E / 9.017; 38.750
Official languages Amharic
Recognised regional languages
Other languages official among Ethiopia's various ethnicities and their respective regions
Demonym Ethiopian
Government Federal parliamentary republic
• President
Mulatu Teshome
Hailemariam Desalegn
Legislature Federal Parliamentary Assembly
House of Federation
House of Peoples' Representatives
Formation
• Dʿmt
c. 980 BC
c. 100 AD
1137
August 1995
Area
• Total
1,104,300 km2 (426,400 sq mi) (27th)
• Water (%)
0.7
Population
• 2015 estimate
99,465,819 (13th)
• 2007 census
73,750,932
• Density
82.58/km2 (213.9/sq mi) (123rd)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$184.913 billion
• Per capita
$1,995
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$74.084 billion
• Per capita
$799
Gini (2011) Negative increase 33.6
medium
HDI (2014) Increase 0.442
low · 174th
Currency Birr (ETB)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
Drives on the right
Calling code +251
ISO 3166 code ET
Internet TLD .et

Coordinates: 8°N 38°E / 8°N 38°E / 8; 38

Ethiopia (/ˌθiˈpiə/; Amharic: ኢትዮጵያ?, ʾĪtyōṗṗyā, About this sound listen ), officially known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk About this sound listen ), is a country located in the Horn of Africa. It shares borders with Eritrea to the north and northeast, Djibouti and Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south. With nearly 100 million inhabitants, Ethiopia is the most populous landlocked country in the world, as well as the second-most populous nation on the African continent after Nigeria. It occupies a total area of 1,100,000 square kilometres (420,000 sq mi), and its capital and largest city is Addis Ababa.


Region or city (ክልል/የከተማ አስተዳድር) Capital Area (km2) Population
Oct 1994 census May 2007 census Jul 2012 estimate
Addis Ababa (አዲስ አበባ) astedader Addis Ababa 526.99 2,100,031 2,738,248 3,041,002
Afar (ዓፋር) kilil Semera 72,052.78 1,051,641 1,411,092 1,602,995
Amhara (አማራ) kilil Bahir Dar 154,708.96 13,270,898 17,214,056 18,866,002
Benishangul-Gumuz (ቤ/ጉሙዝ) kilil Asosa 50,698.68 460,325 670,847 982,004
Dire Dawa (ድሬዳዋ) astedader Dire Dawa 1,558.61 248,549 342,827 387,000
Gambela (ጋምቤላ) kilil Gambela 29,782.82 162,271 306,916 385,997
Harari (ሐረሪ) kilil Harar 333.94 130,691 183,344 210,000
Oromia (ኦሮምያ) kilil Addis Ababa 284,538 18,465,449 27,158,471 31,294,992
Somali (ሶማሌ) kilil Jijiga 279,252.00 3,144,963 4,439,147 5,148,989
Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region (ደቡብ ብ/ብ/ሕ) kilil Awasa 105,887.18 10,377,028 15,042,531 17,359,008
Tigray (ትግራይ) kilil Mek'ele 41,410 3,134,470 4,314,456 4,929,999
Special enumerated zones 96,570 112,999
Totals 1,127,127.00 51,766,239 73,918,505 84,320,987
Critically endangered mammals Endangered mammals Vulnerable mammals
Cushioned gerbil Grévy's zebra African elephant Large-eared free-tailed bat Red-fronted gazelle
Black rhinoceros Mountain nyala Ammodile Lesser horseshoe bat Rupp's mouse
Ethiopian wolf Nubian ibex Bailey's shrew Lion Scott's mouse-eared bat
Guramba shrew African wild dog Bale shrew Lucina's shrew Soemmerring's gazelle
Harenna shrew Beira antelope Morris's bat Speke's gazelle
MacMillan's shrew Cheetah Mouse-tailed bat Spotted-necked otter
Walia ibex Dibatag Natal free-tailed bat Ethiopian striped mouse
Dorcas gazelle Nikolaus's mouse
Glass's shrew Patrizi's trident leaf-nosed bat
Population in Ethiopia
Year Million Difference
1950 18.4
1960 22.5 4.1
1970 29.0 6.5
1980 35.4 6.4
1990 48.3 12.9
2000 65.6 17.3
2010 82.9 17.3
2013 93.8 >10.9

  • Abir, Mordechai (1968). Ethiopia: The Era of the Princes; The Challenge of Islam and the Re-unification of the Christian Empire (1769–1855). London: Longmans. 
  • Beshah, Girma; Aregay, Merid Wolde (1964). The Question of the Union of the Churches in Luso-Ethiopian Relations (1500–1632). Lisbon: Junta de Investigações do Ultramar and Centro de Estudos Históricos Ultramarinos. 
  • Lyons, Terrence (1996). "Closing the Transition: the May 1995 Elections in Ethiopia". The Journal of Modern African Studies. 34 (1): 121–142. doi:10.1017/S0022278X00055233. ISSN 1469-7777. 
  • Munro-Hay, Stuart (1991). Aksum: An African Civilization of Late Antiquity (PDF). Edinburgh: University Press. ISBN . 
  • Valdes Vivo, Raul (1977). Ethiopia's Revolution. New York: International Publishers. ISBN . 
  • Zewde, Bahru (2001). A History of Modern Ethiopia, 1855–1991 (2nd ed.). Athens, OH: Ohio University Press. ISBN . 
  • Selassie I., Haile (1999). My Life and Ethiopia's Progress: The Autobiography of Emperor Haile Selassie I. Translated by Edward Ullendorff. Chicago: Frontline. ISBN . 
  • Deguefé, Taffara (2006). Minutes of an Ethiopian Century, Shama Books, Addis Ababa, .
  • Hugues Fontaine, Un Train en Afrique. African Train, Centre Français des Études Éthiopiennes / Shama Books. Édition bilingue français / anglais. Traduction : Yves-Marie Stranger. Postface : Jean-Christophe Belliard. Avec des photographies de Matthieu Germain Lambert et Pierre Javelot. Addis Abeba, 2012, . English and French. [2]
  • Henze, Paul B. (2004). Layers of Time: A History of Ethiopia. Shama Books. ISBN . 
  • Marcus, Harold G. (1975). The Life and Times of Menelik II: Ethiopia, 1844–1913. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon.  Reprint, Trenton, NJ: Red Sea, 1995. .
  • Marcus, Harold G. (2002). A History of Ethiopia (updated ed.). Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN . 
  • Mauri, Arnaldo (2010). Monetary developments and decolonization in Ethiopia, Acta Universitatis Danubius Œconomica, VI, n. 1/2010, pp. 5–16. [3] and WP [4]
  • Campbell, Gwyn; Miers, Suzanne; Miller, Joseph (2007). Women and Slavery: Africa, the Indian Ocean world, and the medieval north Atlantic. Ohio University Press. ISBN . 
  • Mockler, Anthony (1984). Haile Selassie's War. New York: Random House.  Reprint, New York: Olive Branch, 2003. .
  • Murphy, Dervla (1968). In Ethiopia with a Mule. London: Century, 1984, cop. 1968. N.B.: An account of the author's travels in Ethiopia. 280 p., ill. with a b&w map.
  • Rubenson, Sven (2003). The Survival of Ethiopian Independence (4th ed.). Hollywood, CA: Tsehai. ISBN . 
  • Siegbert Uhlig, et al. (eds.) (2003). Encyclopaedia aethiopica, Vol. 1: A-C. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag.
  • Siegbert Uhlig, et al. (eds.) (2005). Encyclopaedia aethiopica, Vol. 2: D-Ha. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag.
  • Siegbert Uhlig, et al. (eds.) (2007). Encyclopaedia aethiopica, Vol. 3: He-N. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag.
  • Siegbert Uhlig & Alessandro Bausi, et al. (eds.) (2010). Encyclopaedia aethiopica, Vol. 4: O-X. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag.
  • Alessandro Bausi & S. Uhlig, et al. (eds.) (2014). Encyclopaedia aethiopica, Vol. 5: Y-Z and addenda, corrigenda, overview tables, maps and general index. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag.
  •  This article incorporates public domain material from the Library of Congress Country Studies website http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/.
  •  This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html.
...
Wikipedia

1,000 EXTRA POINTS!

Don't forget! that as one of our early users, you are eligible to receive the 1,000 point bonus as soon as you have created five (5) acceptable piglix.

...