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Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዴሞክራሲያዊሪፐብሊክ
yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk
Flag of Ethiopia
Emblem of Ethiopia
Flag Emblem
ወደፊት ገስግሺ ውድ እናት ኢትዮጵያ
March Forward, Dear Mother Ethiopia
Location of Ethiopia
Location of Ethiopia
and largest city
Addis Ababa
9°1′N 38°45′E / 9.017°N 38.750°E / 9.017; 38.750
Official languages Amharic
Recognised regional languages
Other languages official among Ethiopia's various ethnicities and their respective regions
Demonym Ethiopian
Government Federal parliamentary republic
• President
Mulatu Teshome
Hailemariam Desalegn
Legislature Federal Parliamentary Assembly
House of Federation
House of Peoples' Representatives
• Dʿmt
c. 980 BC
c. 100 AD
August 1995
• Total
1,104,300 km2 (426,400 sq mi) (27th)
• Water (%)
• 2015 estimate
99,465,819 (13th)
• 2007 census
• Density
82.58/km2 (213.9/sq mi) (123rd)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$184.913 billion
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$74.084 billion
• Per capita
Gini (2011) Negative increase 33.6
HDI (2014) Increase 0.442
low · 174th
Currency Birr (ETB)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
Drives on the right
Calling code +251
ISO 3166 code ET
Internet TLD .et

Coordinates: 8°N 38°E / 8°N 38°E / 8; 38

Ethiopia (/ˌθiˈpiə/; Amharic: ኢትዮጵያ?, ʾĪtyōṗṗyā, About this sound listen ), officially known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk About this sound listen ), is a country located in the Horn of Africa. It shares borders with Eritrea to the north and northeast, Djibouti and Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south. With nearly 100 million inhabitants, Ethiopia is the most populous landlocked country in the world, as well as the second-most populous nation on the African continent after Nigeria. It occupies a total area of 1,100,000 square kilometres (420,000 sq mi), and its capital and largest city is Addis Ababa.