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አማርኛ (Amharic)


Amharic Fidel.png
"ye’ītiyop’iya k’wanik’wa" ("Ethiopian Language") in Amharic Fidel.
Pronunciation [amarɨɲɲa]
Native to Ethiopia
Ethnicity Amharas Ethiopian
Native speakers
36,434,396  (2007 Population and Housing Census)
Ge'ez (Amharic syllabary)
Amharic Braille
Signed Amharic
Official status
Official language in
Regulated by Imperial Academy (former)
Language codes
ISO 639-1 am
ISO 639-2
ISO 639-3
Glottolog amha1245
Linguasphere 12-ACB-a
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

አማርኛ Distinguish2|the Oromo language or Amara language}}


Amharic (አማርኛ) (/æmˈhærɪk/ or /ɑːmˈhɑːrɪk/; Amharic: Amarəñña, IPA: [amarɨɲːa]) is an Afro-Asiatic language of the Semitic branch. It is spoken as a mother tongue by the Amhara in Ethiopia. The language serves as the official working language of Ethiopia, and is also the official or working language of several of the states within the federal system. Amharic is the second-most widely spoken Semitic language in the world after Arabic.

It is written (left-to-right) using Amharic Fidel, ፊደል, which grew out of the Ge'ez abugida—called, in Ethiopian Semitic languages, ፊደል fidel ("writing system", "letter", or "character") and አቡጊዳ abugida (from the first four Ethiopic letters, which gave rise to the modern linguistic term abugida).