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Palestinian territories

Palestinian territories
الأراضي الفلسطينية
al-Arāḍī al-Filasṭīniyya
Location of Palestinian territories
Location of Palestinian territories
Largest cities
Languages
Ethnic groups
Demonym
Area
• Total
6,220 km2 (2,400 sq mi)
• Water (%)
3.5
• West Bank
5,860 km2
(of which Dead Sea: 220 km2)
360 km2
Population
• Palestinians (2014)
4,550,000
• Settlers (2012)
564,000
• 2007 census
3,719,189 (Pal.)
• Density
654/km2 (1,693.9/sq mi)
HDI (2010) 0.645
medium · 97th
Currency
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
• Summer (DST)
EEST (UTC+3)
Drives on the right
Calling code +970d
Internet TLD
  1. Used in Gaza Strip since 1951.
  2. Used since 1985.
  3. Used in West Bank since 1950.
  4. +972 also used.

"Palestinian territories" and "occupied Palestinian territories" (OPT or oPt) are descriptions often used to describe the West Bank (including East Jerusalem) and the Gaza Strip, which are occupied or otherwise under the control of Israel.Israeli governments have maintained that the area involved is within territorial dispute. The extent of the territories, while subject to future negotiations, have frequently been defined by the Green Line.

The term "Palestinian Territory, Occupied" was used by the United Nations (UN) and other international organizations between 1998 to 2013 in order to refer to areas controlled by the Palestinian National Authority. In December 2012, UN Secretariat communications replaced this by the term State of Palestine. The ISO adopted the name change in 2013. But, as of August 2015, the UN Security Council continues to treat Palestine as a non-sovereign entity; This prevents its admission to UN General Assembly membership.

Israel occupied the territories of the West Bank and Gaza Strip in the Six-Day War of 1967 and has since maintained control. Previously, these territories had been occupied by Jordan and Egypt, respectively, since the 1948 founding of Israel. In 1980, Israel officially absorbed East Jerusalem and has proclaimed the whole of Jerusalem to be its capital. The inclusion, though never formally amounting to legal annexation, was condemned internationally and declared "null and void" by the United Nations Security Council. The Palestinian National Authority, the United Nations, the international legal and humanitarian bodies and the international community regard East Jerusalem as part of the West Bank, and consequently a part of the Palestinian territories. The Palestinian National Authority never exercised sovereignty over the area, although it housed its offices in Orient House and several other buildings as an assertion of its sovereign interests.


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