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Federative Republic of Brazil
República Federativa do Brasil
Flag of Brazil
Coat of arms of Brazil
Flag Coat of arms
  • Ordem e Progresso  (Portuguese)
  • (English: "Order and Progress")

National seal
Brazil (orthographic projection).svg
Capital Brasília
15°47′S 47°52′W / 15.783°S 47.867°W / -15.783; -47.867
Largest city São Paulo
23°33′S 46°38′W / 23.550°S 46.633°W / -23.550; -46.633
Official languages Portuguese
Ethnic groups (2010)
Demonym Brazilian
Government Federal presidential constitutional republic
• President
Michel Temer
Rodrigo Maia
Renan Calheiros
Cármen Lúcia
Legislature National Congress
Federal Senate
Chamber of Deputies
Independence from the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves
• Declared
7 September 1822
29 August 1825
• Republic
15 November 1889
5 October 1988
• Total
8,515,767 km2 (3,287,956 sq mi) (5th)
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
206,440,850 (5th)
• Density
23.8/km2 (61.6/sq mi) (190th)
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
• Total
$3.101 trillion (7th)
• Per capita
$15,048 (77th)
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
• Total
$1.534 trillion (9th)
• Per capita
$7,447 (69th)
Gini (2014)  51.5
HDI (2014) Increase 0.755
high · 75th
Currency Real (R$) (BRL)
Time zone BRT (UTC−2 to −5)
• Summer (DST)
BRST (UTC−2 to −5)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy (CE)
Drives on the right
Calling code +55
ISO 3166 code BR
Internet TLD .br
States of Brazil and Regions of Brazil

Coordinates: 10°S 52°W / 10°S 52°W / -10; -52

Brazil (Listeni/brəˈzɪl/; Portuguese: Brasil [bɾaˈziw]), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: República Federativa do Brasil, About this sound listen ), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. As the world's fifth-largest country by both area and population, it is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas. Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of 7,491 km (4,655 mi). It borders all other South American countries except Ecuador and Chile and covers 47.3% of the continent's land area. Its Amazon River basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems, and extensive natural resources spanning numerous protected habitats. This unique environmental heritage makes Brazil one of 17 megadiverse countries, and is the subject of significant global interest and debate regarding deforestation and environmental protection.


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