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Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
  • República Bolivariana de Venezuela  (Spanish)
Flag of Venezuela
Coat of arms of Venezuela
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem: Gloria al Bravo Pueblo
(English: "Glory to the Brave People")
Location of Venezuela
and largest city
10°30′N 66°55′W / 10.500°N 66.917°W / 10.500; -66.917
Official languages Spanishb
Recognized regional languages Indigenous languages
Ethnic groups (2011)
Demonym Venezuelan
Government Federal Presidentialrepublic
• President
Nicolás Maduro
Tareck El Aissami
Julio Borges
Legislature National Assembly
• from Spain
5 July 1811
• from Gran Colombia
13 January 1830
• Recognized
30 March 1845
• Total
916,445 km2 (353,841 sq mi) (33rd)
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate census
31.416 million (44th)
• Density
33.75/km2 (87.4/sq mi) (181st)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$457.134 billion
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$314.103 billion
• Per capita
Gini (2013)  44.8
HDI (2014) Decrease 0.762
high · 71st
Currency Bolívar fuerte (VEF)
Time zone VET (UTC–4)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy (CE)
Drives on the right
Calling code +58
ISO 3166 code VE
Internet TLD .ve
  1. ^ The "Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela" has been the full official title since the adoption of the new Constitution of 1999, when the state was renamed in honor of Simón Bolívar.
  2. ^ The Constitution also recognizes all indigenous languages spoken in the country.
  3. ^ Some important subgroups include those of Spanish, Italian, Amerindian, African, Portuguese, Arab and German descent.
  4. ^ Area totals include only Venezuelan-administered territory.
  5. ^ On 1 January 2008, a new bolivar was introduced, the bolívar fuerte (ISO 4217 code VEF) worth 1,000 VEB.

Coordinates: 7°N 65°W / 7°N 65°W / 7; -65

Venezuela (Listeni/ˌvɛnəˈzwlə/ VEN-ə-ZWAYL; Spanish: [beneˈswela]), officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (Spanish: República Bolivariana de Venezuela), is a federal republic located on the northern coast of South America. It is bordered by Colombia on the west, Brazil on the south, Guyana on the east, and the islands of Trinidad and Tobago to the north-east. Venezuela's territory covers around 916,445 km2 (353,841 sq mi) with an estimated population 31028337. Venezuela is considered a state with extremely high biodiversity (currently ranks 7th in the world's list of nations with the most number of species), with habitats ranging from the Andes Mountains in the west to the Amazon Basin rain-forest in the south, via extensive llanos plains and Caribbean coast in the center and the Orinoco River Delta in the east.