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Kingdom of Spain
Reino de España
Flag of Spain
Coat of arms of Spain
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: "Plus Ultra" (Latin)
"Further Beyond"
Anthem: "Marcha Real" (Spanish)
"Royal March"
Location of  Spain  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)
Location of  Spain  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)

Location of Spain
and largest city
40°26′N 3°42′W / 40.433°N 3.700°W / 40.433; -3.700
Official language
and national language
Recognised regional
Ethnic groups (2015)
Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Felipe VI
Mariano Rajoy
Legislature Cortes Generales
Congress of Deputies
• Dynastic
20 January 1479
• De facto
23 January 1516
• De jure
9 June 1715
19 March 1812
29 December 1978
1 January 1986
• Total
505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi) (51st)
• Water (%)
• 2015 census
46,423,064 (30th)
• Density
92/km2 (238.3/sq mi) (112th)
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate
• Total
$1.674 trillion (16th)
• Per capita
$36,143 (33rd)
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
• Total
$1.242 trillion (12th)
• Per capita
$26,823 (29th)
Gini (2013) 33.7
HDI (2014) Increase 0.876
very high · 26th
Currency Euro () (EUR)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST)
Note: Spain observes CET/CEST, except the Canary Islands which observe WET/WEST
Date format dd/mm/yyyy (CE)
Drives on the right
Calling code +34
ISO 3166 code ES
Internet TLD .es

Coordinates: 40°N 4°W / 40°N 4°W / 40; -4

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)

Spain (Listeni/ˈspn/; Spanish: España [esˈpaɲa]), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de España), is a sovereign state largely located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe, with two large archipelagos, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea and the Canary Islands off the North African Atlantic coast, two cities Ceuta and Melilla in the North African mainland and several small islands in the Alboran Sea near the Moroccan coast. Its mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean. It is the only European country to have a border with an African country (Morocco) and its African territory accounts for nearly 5% of its population, mostly in the Canary Islands but also in Ceuta and Melilla.


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