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Balearic Islands

Balearic Islands
Illes Balears  (Catalan)
Islas Baleares  (Spanish)
Autonomous community
Flag of the Balearic Islands
Coat-of-arms of the Balearic Islands
Coat of arms
Anthem: La Balanguera
Map of the Balearic Islands
Location of the Balearic Islands within Spain
Coordinates: 39°30′N 3°00′E / 39.500°N 3.000°E / 39.500; 3.000Coordinates: 39°30′N 3°00′E / 39.500°N 3.000°E / 39.500; 3.000
Country Spain
Capital Palma de Mallorca
 • Type Devolved government in a constitutional monarchy
 • Body Govern de les Illes Balears
 • President Francina Armengol (PSOE)
 • Total 4,992 km2 (1,927 sq mi)
Area rank 17th (1.0% of Spain)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,106,049
 • Density 220/km2 (570/sq mi)
 • Pop. rank 14th (2.3% of Spain)
Demonym(s) Balearic
balear (m/f)
balear (m/f)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166-2 IB
Area code +34 971
Official languages Catalan and Spanish
Statute of Autonomy 1 March 1982
1 March 2007
Parliament 59 deputies
Congress 8 deputies (out of 350)
Senate 7 senators (out of 266)
Website www.caib.es
1.^ According to the current legislation the official name is in Catalan Illes Balears.

The Balearic Islands (/ˌbæliˈærk ˈləndz/; Catalan: Illes Balears, pronounced: [ˈiʎəz bələˈas]; Spanish: Islas Baleares,pronounced: [ˈizlaz βaleˈaɾes]) are an archipelago of Spain in the western Mediterranean Sea, near the eastern coast of the Iberian Peninsula.

The four largest islands are Majorca, Minorca, Ibiza and Formentera. There are many minor islands and islets close to the larger islands, including Cabrera, Dragonera and S'Espalmador. The islands have a Mediterranean climate, and the four major islands are all popular tourist destinations. Ibiza in particular is known as an international party destination, attracting many of the world's most popular DJs to its nightclubs. The islands' culture and cuisine are similar to that of the rest of Spain but have their own distinctive features.


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