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Spanish language

español, castellano
Pronunciation [espaˈɲol], [kasteˈʎano]
Region Spain, Hispanic America, Equatorial Guinea (see below)
Native speakers

470 million (2016)
570 million total speakers

L2 speakers: 90 million (no date)
Early forms
Old Spanish
  • Spanish
Latin (Spanish alphabet)
Spanish Braille
Signed Spanish (Mexico, Spain, & presumably elsewhere)
Official status
Official language in

Regulated by Association of Spanish Language Academies
(Real Academia Española and 22 other national Spanish language academies)
Language codes
ISO 639-1 es
ISO 639-2
ISO 639-3
Glottolog stan1288
Linguasphere 51-AAA-b
Map-Hispanophone World2.png

470 million (2016)
570 million total speakers

(see many more)

Spanish (Listeni/ˈspænʃ/, About this sound español , also called Castilian (Listeni/kæˈstɪliən/, About this sound castellano )) is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native-speakers across the world.