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United Mexican States
Estados Unidos Mexicanos
Flag of Mexico
Coat of arms of Mexico
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem: Himno Nacional Mexicano
(English: "Mexican National Anthem")

Location of Mexico
and largest city
Mexico City
19°26′N 99°08′W / 19.433°N 99.133°W / 19.433; -99.133
Official languages None at federal level
Recognized regional languages
National language Spanish
Demonym Mexican
Government Federal presidential
constitutional republic
• President
Enrique Peña Nieto
Roberto Gil Zuarth
Jesús Zambrano Grijalva
Legislature Congress
Chamber of Deputies
Independence from Spain
• Declared
September 16, 1810
September 27, 1821
December 28, 1836
October 4, 1824
February 5, 1857
February 5, 1917
• Total
1,972,550 km2 (761,610 sq mi) (13th)
• Water (%)
• 2015 estimate
119,530,753 (11th)
• Density
61/km2 (158.0/sq mi) (142nd)
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate
• Total
$2.224 trillion (11th)
• Per capita
$18,857 (66th)
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate
• Total
$1.283 trillion (15th)
• Per capita
$10,174 (65th)
Gini (2014) 48.2
HDI (2014) Increase 0.756
high · 74th
Currency Peso (MXN)
Time zone See Time in Mexico (UTC−8 to −5)
• Summer (DST)
varies (UTC−7 to −5)
Drives on the right
Calling code +52
ISO 3166 code MX
Internet TLD .mx
  1. Article 4.° of the General Law of Linguistic Rights of the Indigenous Peoples.
  2. ^ Spanish is the de facto official language of the Mexican federal government.

Coordinates: 23°N 102°W / 23°N 102°W / 23; -102

Mexico (Spanish: México, pronounced: [ˈme.xi.ko], modern Nahuatl Listen), officially the United Mexican States (Spanish: Estados Unidos Mexicanos, About this sound listen ), is a federal republic in the southern half of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost two million square kilometers (over 760,000 sq mi), Mexico is the sixth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent nation in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million, it is the eleventh most populous country and the most populous Spanish-speaking country in the world while being the second most populous country in Latin America. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and a federal district that is also its capital and most populous city. Other metropolises include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana and León.


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