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Flag of Gibraltar
Coat of arms of Gibraltar
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: "Montis Insignia Calpe" (Latin)
"Badge of the Rock of Gibraltar"
Anthem: "God Save the Queen" (official)
"Gibraltar Anthem" (local)
Location of  Gibraltar  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)
Location of  Gibraltar  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)

Map of Gibraltar
Map of Gibraltar
Status British Overseas Territory
Capital Gibraltar
36°8′N 5°21′W / 36.133°N 5.350°W / 36.133; -5.350
Largest district
(by population)
Official languages English
Spoken languages
Ethnic groups
Demonym Gibraltarian
Llanito (colloquial)
Government Representative democratic parliamentary dependency under constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
• Governor
Ed Davis
Fabian Picardo
Legislature Parliament
• Captured
4 August 1704
• Ceded
11 April 1713
10 September
• Joined the EEC
1 January 1973b
• Total
6.8 km2 (2.6 sq mi) (241st)
• Water (%)
• 2015 estimate
32,194 (222nd)
• Density
4,328/km2 (11,209.5/sq mi) (5th)
GDP (PPP) 2013 estimate
• Total
£1.64 billion
• Per capita
£50,941 (n/a)
HDI (2015) 0.861
very high · 40th
Currency Gibraltar pound (£)c (GIP)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Drives on the rightd
Calling code +350e
Patron saint
ISO 3166 code GI
Internet TLD .gif
  1. Of mixed Genoese, Maltese, Portuguese and Spanish descent.
  2. As a Special Member State territory of the United Kingdom.
  3. Coins and sterling notes are issued by the Government of Gibraltar.
  4. Unlike all other UK dependencies except the British Indian Ocean Territory, since 16 June 1929.
  5. 9567 from Spain before 10 February 2007.
  6. The .eu domain is also used, shared with other European Union member states.

    UK Postcode: GX11 1AA

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)

Gibraltar (/ˈbrɒltər/ jə-BROL-tər; Spanish pronunciation: [xiβɾalˈtaɾ]) is a British Overseas Territory located on the southern end of the Iberian Peninsula. It has an area of 6.7 km2 (2.6 sq mi) and shares its northern border with Spain. The Rock of Gibraltar is the major landmark of the region. At its foot is a densely populated city area, home to over 30,000 Gibraltarians and other nationalities.

An Anglo-Dutch force captured Gibraltar from Spain in 1704 during the War of the Spanish Succession on behalf of the Habsburg claim to the Spanish throne. The territory was subsequently ceded to Britain "in perpetuity" under the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713. During World War II it was an important base for the Royal Navy as it controlled the entrance and exit to the Mediterranean Sea, which is only eight miles (13 km) wide at this point. Today Gibraltar's economy is based largely on tourism, online gambling, financial services, and shipping.