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Hispanic and Latino Americans

Hispanic and Latino Americans
Total population
c. 56,592,793
(17.61% of the population)
Regions with significant populations
Across the country, especially in the Southwestern United States as well as in urban areas.
Languages
American English, Spanish, and Portuguese
Religion
Predominantly Roman Catholic;
minority of Protestants.
Minorities in numerous other religions.
Related ethnic groups
Brazilian Americans, Cape Verdean Americans, Latin Americans, Lusophones, Portuguese Americans, Spaniards, White Latin Americans, Criollos, American Indians, Afro-Latin Americans, Asian Latin Americans, Mestizos, Mulattoes, Pardos, Castizos, Tejanos, Chicanos, Nuyoricans,

Hispanic Americans and Latino Americans (Spanish: hispanos [isˈpanos]), are Americans who are descendants of the peoples of Spain, Portugal, or the Spanish- or Portuguese-speaking countries of Latin America. More generally, it includes all persons in the United States who self-identify as Hispanic or Latino, whether of full or partial ancestry. For the 2010 United States Census, people counted as "Hispanic" or "Latino" were those who identified as one of the specific Hispanic or Latino categories listed on the census questionnaire ("Mexican," "Puerto Rican," or "Cuban") as well as those who indicated that they were "other Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino." The national origins classified as Hispanic or Latino by the United States Census Bureau are the following: Spanish, Argentine, Cuban, Colombian, Puerto Rican, Mexican, Dominican, Costa Rican, Guatemalan, Honduran, Nicaraguan, Panamanian, Salvadoran, Bolivian, Chilean, Ecuadorian, Paraguayan, Peruvian, Uruguayan, and Venezuelan. Other U.S. government agencies have slightly different definitions of the term, including Brazilians and other Portuguese-speaking groups. The Census Bureau uses the terms Hispanic and Latino interchangeably.


Rank Metropolitan area Hispanic population Percent Hispanic
1 Los Angeles, California 5,804,000 45%
2 New York, New York 4,317,000 24%
3 San Juan, Puerto Rico 2,617,089 99%
4 Houston, Texas 2,105,000 37%
5 San Bernardino-Riverside, California 2,062,000 48%
6 Chicago, Illinois 1,971,000 22%
7 Dallas, Texas 1,809,000 28%
8 Miami, Florida 1,627,000 65%
9 Phoenix, Arizona 1,163,000 30%
10 San Francisco, California 1,114,000 23%
11 San Antonio, Texas 1,112,000 56%
12 San Diego, California 1,021,000 33%
Rank State/Territory Hispanic population Percent Hispanic
1 Puerto Rico 3,688,455 98%
2 New Mexico 953,403 46%
3 California 14,013,719 37%
4 Texas 9,460,921 37%
5 Arizona 1,895,149 29%
6 Nevada 716,501 26%
7 Florida 4,223,806 22%
8 Colorado 1,038,687 20%
9 New Jersey 1,555,144 17%
10 New York 3,416,922 17%
11 Illinois 2,027,578 15%

Population by national origin (2010)
(self-identified ethnicity, not by birthplace)
Hispanic Group Population % of
Hispanics
Mexico Mexican 31,798,258 63.0
Puerto Rico Puerto Rican 4,623,716 9.2
Cuba Cuban 1,785,547 3.5
El Salvador Salvadoran 1,648,968 3.3
Dominican Republic Dominican 1,414,703 2.8
Guatemala Guatemalan 1,044,209 2.1
Colombia Colombian 908,734 1.8
Spain Spanish 635,253 1.3
Honduras Honduran 633,401 1.3
Ecuador Ecuadorian 564,631 1.1
Peru Peruvian 531,358 1.1
Nicaragua Nicaraguan 348,202 0.7
Argentina Argentine 224,952 0.4
Venezuela Venezuelan 215,023 0.4
Panama Panamanian 165,456 0.3
Chile Chilean 126,810 0.3
Costa Rica Costa Rican 126,418 0.3
Bolivia Bolivian 99,210 0.2
Uruguay Uruguayan 56,884 0.1
Paraguay Paraguayan 20,023 -
All other 3,505,838 6.9
Total 50,477,594 100
Hispanic and Latino Americans by race (2010)
Race Population  % of all Hispanic
and Latino Americans
White 26,735,713 53.0
Some other race 18,503,103 36.7
Two or more races 3,042,592 6.0
Black 1,243,471 2.5
American Indian and Alaska Native 685,150 1.4
Asian 209,128 0.4
Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander 58,437 0.1
Total 50,477,594 100.0
Rank University Hispanic enrollment  % of student body
1 Florida International University 24,105 67%
2 University of Texas at El Paso 15,459 81%
3 University of Texas Pan American 15,009 91%
4 University of Texas at San Antonio 11,932 47%
5 California State University at Northridge 11,774 38%
6 California State University at Fullerton 11,472 36%
7 Arizona State University 11,465 19%
8 California State University at Long Beach 10,836 35%
9 California State University at Los Angeles 10,392 58%
10 University of Central Florida 10,255 20%
Rank University Hispanic enrollment  % of student body
1 Nova Southeastern University 4,281 20%
2 Florida International University 3,612 42%
3 University of Southern California 2,358 11%
4 University of Texas Pan American 2,120 78%
5 University of Texas at El Paso 2,083 59%
6 CUNY Graduate Center 1,656 30%
7 University of New Mexico 1,608 26%
8 University of Texas at San Antonio 1,561 35%
9 University of Florida 1,483 9%
10 Arizona State University 1,400 10%
Rank University system Hispanic enrollment  % of student body
1 California Community College System 642,045 41%
2 California State University 149,137 33%
3 Florida College System 118,821 26%
4 University of Texas System 84,086 39%
5 State University System of Florida 79,931 24%
6 City University of New York 77,341 30%
7 State University of New York 43,514 9%
8 University of California 42,604 18%
9 Texas A&M University System 27,165 25%
10 Nevada System of Higher Education 21,467 21%
- Ivy League 11,562 10%
Median Household Income (2011)
Ethnicity or nationality Income
Argentinean $55,000
Cuban $55,000
Peruvian $50,000
Venezuelan $50,000
Ecuadorian $48,600
Colombian $48,000
Mexican $38,000
Guatemalan $36,400
Puerto Rican $36,000
Nicaraguan $35,000
Salvadoran $32,300
Dominicans $31,000
Hondurans $30,000
Sources:
Spanish speakers in the United States
Year Number of Spanish speakers Percent of
US population
1980 11 million 5%
1990 17.3 million 7%
2000 28.1 million 10%
2010 37 million 13%
2012 38.3 million 13%
2020 (projected) 40 million 14%
Sources:
Current Hispanics and Latinos in United States government
Political party State Term Ancestry
Supreme Court
Sonia Sotomayor N/A N/A 2009–Present Puerto Rican
State Governors
Brian Sandoval Republican Nevada 2011–Present Mexican
Susana Martínez Republican New Mexico 2011–Present Mexican
US Senate
Bob Menéndez Democrat New Jersey 2006–Present Cuban
Marco Rubio Republican Florida 2011–Present Cuban
Ted Cruz Republican Texas 2013–Present Cuban
Catherine Cortez Masto Democrat Nevada 2017–present Mexican
US House of Representatives
Charles B. Rangel Democrat New York 1971–Present Puerto Rican
Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Republican Florida 1989–Present Cuban
José E. Serrano Democrat New York 1990–Present Puerto Rican
Ed Pastor Democrat Arizona 1991–Present Mexican
Xavier Becerra Democrat California 1993–Present Mexican
Luis Gutiérrez Democrat Illinois 1993–Present Puerto Rican
Lucille Roybal-Allard Democrat California 1993–Present Mexican
Nydia Velázquez Democrat New York 1993–Present Puerto Rican
Rubén Hinojosa Democrat Texas 1997–Present Mexican
Loretta Sánchez Democrat California 1997–Present Mexican
Grace Napolitano Democrat California 1999–Present Mexican
Mario Díaz-Balart Republican Florida 2003–Present Cuban
Raúl Grijalva Democrat Arizona 2003–Present Mexican
Linda Sánchez Democrat California 2003–Present Mexican
Henry Roberto Cuellar Democrat Texas 2005–Present Mexican
Albio Sires Democrat New Jersey 2006–Present Cuban
Ben Ray Luján Democrat New Mexico 2009–Present Mexican
Bill Flores Republican Texas 2011–Present Mexican
Jaime Herrera Republican Washington 2011–Present Mexican
Raúl Labrador Republican Idaho 2011–Present Puerto Rican
Tony Cárdenas Democrat California 2013–Present Mexican
Joaquín Castro Democrat Texas 2013–Present Mexican
Pete Gallego Democrat Texas 2013–Present Mexican
José Antonio García Democrat Florida 2013–Present Cuban
Michelle Lujan Grisham Democrat New Mexico 2013–Present Mexican
Gloria Negrete McLeod Democrat California 2013–Present Mexican
Raúl Ruiz Democrat California 2013–Present Mexican
Ron DeSantis Republican Florida 2013–Present
Juan Vargas Democrat California 2013–Present Mexican
Filemon Vela, Jr. Democrat Texas 2013–Present Mexican
Hispanic Vote in US Presidential Elections since 1980
Election
year
Candidate of the plurality Political party % of
Hispanic
vote
Result
1980 Jimmy Carter Democratic 56% Lost
1984 Walter Mondale Democratic 61% Lost
1988 Michael Dukakis Democratic 69% Lost
1992 Bill Clinton Democratic 61% Won
1996 Bill Clinton Democratic 72% Won
2000 Al Gore Democratic 62% Lost
2004 John Kerry Democratic 58% Lost
2008 Barack Obama Democratic 67% Won
2012 Barack Obama Democratic 71% Won
2016 Hillary Clinton Democratic 79% Lost

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