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Prague

Prague
Praha
Capital city
Hlavní město Praha
Montage of Prague, clockwise from top: Panorama of Prague Castle and Charles Bridge, Dancing House, Star Villa, Old Town Square, Wenceslas Square, Wallenstein Palace, Royal Garden at Prague Castle, St. Vitus Cathedral and Municipal House.
Montage of Prague, clockwise from top: Panorama of Prague Castle and Charles Bridge, Dancing House, Star Villa, Old Town Square, Wenceslas Square, Wallenstein Palace, Royal Garden at Prague Castle, St. Vitus Cathedral and Municipal House.
Flag of Prague
Flag
Coat of arms of Prague
Coat of arms

Motto: "Praga Caput Rei publicae" (Latin)
"Prague, Head of the Republic"

Location of Prague
Coordinates: 50°05′N 14°25′E / 50.083°N 14.417°E / 50.083; 14.417Coordinates: 50°05′N 14°25′E / 50.083°N 14.417°E / 50.083; 14.417
Country  Czech Republic
Founded c. 880 (castle)
Government
 • Mayor Adriana Krnáčová (ANO)
Area
 • Urban 496 km2 (192 sq mi)
Highest elevation 399 m (1,309 ft)
Lowest elevation 177 m (581 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)
 • Capital city 1,267,449
 • Metro 2,156,097
Demonym(s) Praguer
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 100 00 – 199 00
Vehicle registration A
NUTS code 2012
 - Total €40 billion
 - Per capita €32,000([1])
Website praha.eu
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Historic Centre of Prague
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iv, vi
Reference 616
UNESCO region Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 1992 (16th Session)
Foreign residents in the city (2016)
Nationality Population
 Ukraine 47,332
 Slovakia 28,973
 Russia 22,156
 Vietnam 12,179
 USA 5,517

Motto: "Praga Caput Rei publicae" (Latin)
"Prague, Head of the Republic"

Prague (/ˈprɑːɡ/; Czech: Praha, [ˈpraɦa], German: Prag) is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. It is the 14th largest city in the European Union. It is also the historical capital of Bohemia. Situated in the north-west of the country on the Vltava river, the city is home to about 1.26 million people, while its larger urban zone is estimated to have a population of nearly 2 million. The city has a temperate climate, with warm summers and chilly winters.

Prague has been a political, cultural, and economic centre of central Europe with waxing and waning fortunes during its history. Founded during the Romanesque and flourishing by the Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque eras, Prague was the capital of the kingdom of Bohemia and the main residence of several Holy Roman Emperors, most notably of Charles IV (r. 1346–1378). It was an important city to the Habsburg Monarchy and its Austro-Hungarian Empire. The city played major roles in the Bohemian and Protestant Reformation, the Thirty Years' War, and in 20th-century history as the capital of Czechoslovakia, during both World Wars and the post-war Communist era.


Year 1378 1500 1610 1798 1880 1930 1961 1980 1995 2005 2015
Population 40,000 30,000 60,000 79,000 350,000 950,000 1,130,000 1,190,000 1,210,000 1,180,000 1,267,449
Climate data for Prague (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.4
(63.3)
19.2
(66.6)
22.5
(72.5)
28.8
(83.8)
32.5
(90.5)
37.2
(99)
37.8
(100)
37.4
(99.3)
33.1
(91.6)
27.0
(80.6)
19.5
(67.1)
17.4
(63.3)
37.8
(100)
Average high °C (°F) 1.3
(34.3)
3.0
(37.4)
8.1
(46.6)
14.3
(57.7)
19.2
(66.6)
21.8
(71.2)
24.4
(75.9)
23.8
(74.8)
18.9
(66)
13.1
(55.6)
6.0
(42.8)
2.0
(35.6)
13.0
(55.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −1.4
(29.5)
−0.4
(31.3)
3.6
(38.5)
8.4
(47.1)
13.4
(56.1)
16.1
(61)
18.2
(64.8)
17.8
(64)
13.5
(56.3)
8.5
(47.3)
3.1
(37.6)
−0.3
(31.5)
8.4
(47.1)
Average low °C (°F) −4
(25)
−3.6
(25.5)
0.0
(32)
2.9
(37.2)
8.2
(46.8)
10.8
(51.4)
12.7
(54.9)
12.6
(54.7)
8.8
(47.8)
4.7
(40.5)
0.6
(33.1)
−2.7
(27.1)
4.3
(39.7)
Record low °C (°F) −27.5
(−17.5)
−27.1
(−16.8)
−27.6
(−17.7)
−8
(18)
−2.3
(27.9)
1.9
(35.4)
6.7
(44.1)
6.4
(43.5)
0.7
(33.3)
−7.5
(18.5)
−16.9
(1.6)
−24.8
(−12.6)
−27.6
(−17.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 23.5
(0.925)
22.6
(0.89)
28.1
(1.106)
38.2
(1.504)
77.2
(3.039)
72.7
(2.862)
66.2
(2.606)
69.6
(2.74)
40.0
(1.575)
30.5
(1.201)
31.9
(1.256)
25.3
(0.996)
525.8
(20.701)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 17.9
(7.05)
15.9
(6.26)
10.3
(4.06)
2.9
(1.14)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.1
(0.04)
8.4
(3.31)
15.9
(6.26)
71.4
(28.11)
Average precipitation days 6.8 5.6 6.2 7.3 9.8 10.3 9.1 8.8 7.0 5.5 7.0 6.8 90.2
Average relative humidity (%) 86 83 77 69 70 71 70 71 76 81 87 88 77
Mean monthly sunshine hours 50.0 72.4 124.7 167.6 214.0 218.3 226.2 212.3 161.0 120.8 53.9 46.7 1,667.9
Source #1: Pogoda.ru.net
Source #2: NOAA
Name Turnover, mld. Kč
ČEZ 200.8
Agrofert 166.8
RWE Supply & Trading CZ 146.1

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