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Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic

Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic
საქართველოს საბჭოთა სოციალისტური რესპუბლიკა
Грузинская Советская Социалистическая Республика Gruzinskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika
Flag State emblem
Anthem of the Georgian SSR
Location of the Georgian SSR (red) within the Soviet Union.
Capital Tbilisi
Languages Georgian
Government Soviet Socialist Republic
First Secretary
 •  1921–1922 Mamia Orakhelashvili
 •  1989–1990 Givi Gumbaridze
Chairman of The Council of Ministers
 •  1946 Valerian Bakradze
 •  1990–1991 Tengiz Sigua
 •  Soviet invasion and occupation 11 February 1921
 •  Formation 25 February 1921
 •  Admitted to USSR 30 December 1922
 •  TSFSR dissolved 5 December 1936
 •  Sovereignty declared 18 November 1989
 •  Renamed to Republic of Georgia 18 November 1990
 •  Independence declared 9 April 1991
 •  Independence recognized 26 December 1991
 •  New official constitution 24 August 1995
 •  1989 69,700 km² (26,911 sq mi)
 •  1926 est. 2,666,000 
 •  1989 est. 5,400,841 
     Density 77.5 /km²  (200.7 /sq mi)
Calling code +7 881/882/883
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Democratic Republic of Georgia
Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic
Today part of  Georgia
a. In the Abkhazian ASSR.
b. In the South Ossetian AO.

The Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic, (Georgian SSR; Georgian: საქართველოს საბჭოთა სოციალისტური რესპუბლიკა, translit.: sakartvelos sabch'ota sotsialist'uri resp'ublik'a; Russian: Грузинская Советская Социалистическая Республика Gruzinskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika) also commonly known as Soviet Georgia or simply known as Georgia, was one of the republics of the Soviet Union from its inception in 1922 to its breakup in 1991.

It is coterminous with the present-day republic of Georgia, a preexisting country in the Caucasus which gained autonomy as a constituent republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics after being annexed by the Russian Empire in 1810 and in 1921 by the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. From November 18, 1989, the Georgian SSR declared its sovereignty over Soviet laws. The republic was renamed to the Republic of Georgia on November 14, 1990 and subsequently became independent before the dissolution of the Soviet Union on April 9, 1991, whereupon each former SSR became a sovereign state. The Soviet Georgian state officially ended on August 24, 1995 when the new official constitution of Georgia was ratified.

Geographically, the Georgian SSR was bordered by Turkey to the south-west and the Black Sea to the west. Within the Soviet Union it bordered the Russian SFSR to the north, Armenian SSR to the south and the Azerbaijan SSR to the south-east.



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