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Uzbekistan

Republic of Uzbekistan
Oʻzbekiston Respublikasi  (Uzbek)
Flag of Uzbekistan
State emblem[1] of Uzbekistan
Flag State emblem
Anthem: 
Oʻzbekiston Respublikasining Davlat Madhiyasi
State Anthem of the Republic of Uzbekistan
Location of  Uzbekistan  (green)
Location of  Uzbekistan  (green)
Capital
and largest city
Tashkent
41°16′N 69°13′E / 41.267°N 69.217°E / 41.267; 69.217
Official languages Uzbek
Inter-ethnic and de-facto
mostly used language
Russian
Spoken languages
Ethnic groups (1996)
Demonym Uzbek
Government Unitary presidential
constitutional republic
• President
Shavkat Mirziyoyev
Abdulla Oripov
Legislature Supreme Assembly
Senate
Legislative Chamber
Formation
1785
2 September 1920
• Uzbek SSR proclaimed
27 October 1924
• Declared independence from the Soviet Union
31 August 1991 (Independence Day on 1 September)
• Recognized
26 December 1991
29 December 1991
8 December 1992
Area
• Total
448,978 km2 (173,351 sq mi) (56th)
• Water (%)
4.9
Population
• 2016 estimate
32,121,000 (41st)
• Density
70.3/km2 (182.1/sq mi) (136th)
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
• Total
$202.251 billion (62)
• Per capita
$6,452 (125th)
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
• Total
$66.797 billion (69th)
• Per capita
$2,131 (130th)
Gini (2003) Negative increase 36.8
medium · 95th
HDI (2014) Increase 0.675
medium · 114th
Currency Uzbekistan som (UZS)
Time zone UZT (UTC+5)
• Summer (DST)
not observed (UTC+5)
Drives on the right
Calling code +998
ISO 3166 code UZ
Internet TLD .uz
  1. Official Uzbek statistics.
  2. As the Emirate of Bukhara, Kokand Khanate, and Khwarezm.

Coordinates: 41°N 69°E / 41°N 69°E / 41; 69

Uzbekistan (US Listeni/ʊzˈbɛkˌstæn, -ˌstɑːn/, UK /ʊzˌbɛkˈstɑːn, ʌz-, -ˈstæn/), officially the Republic of Uzbekistan (Uzbek: Oʻzbekiston Respublikasi, Ўзбекистон Республикаси; Russian: Республика Узбекистан), is a doubly landlocked country in Central Asia. It is a unitary, constitutional, presidential republic, comprising twelve provinces, one autonomous republic and a capital city. Uzbekistan is bordered by five landlocked countries: Kazakhstan to the north; Tajikistan to the southeast; Kyrgyzstan to the northeast; Afghanistan to the south; and Turkmenistan to the southwest.


Division Capital City Area
(km²)
Population (2008) Key
Andijan Region
Andijon Viloyati
Andijan
Andijon
4,200 2,477,900 2
Bukhara Region
Buxoro Viloyati
Bukhara
Buxoro
39,400 1,576,800 3
Fergana Region
Fargʻona Viloyati
Fergana
Fargʻona
6,800 2,997,400 4
Jizzakh Region
Jizzax Viloyati
Jizzakh
Jizzax
20,500 1,090,900 5
Karakalpakstan Republic
Karakalpak: Qaraqalpaqstan Respublikasiʻ
Uzbek: Qoraqalpogʻiston Respublikasi
Nukus
No‘kis
Nukus
160,000 1,612,300 14
Kashkadarya Region
Qashqadaryo Viloyati
Karshi
Qarshi
28,400 2,537,600 8
Khorezm Region
Xorazm Viloyati
Urgench
Urganch
6,300  1,517,600 13
Namangan Region
Namangan Viloyati
Namangan
Namangan
7,900 2,196,200 6
Navoiy Region
Navoiy Viloyati
Navoiy
Navoiy
110,800 834,100 7
Samarkand Region
Samarqand Viloyati
Samarkand
Samarqand
16,400  3,032,000 9
Surkhandarya Region
Surxondaryo Viloyati
Termez
Termiz
20,800 2,012,600 11
Syrdarya Region
Sirdaryo Viloyati
Gulistan
Guliston
5,100 698,100 10
Tashkent City
Toshkent Shahri
Tashkent
Toshkent
335 2,352,900 1
Tashkent Region
Toshkent Viloyati
Tashkent
Toshkent
15,300  2,537,500 12

  • 1 January: New Year, "Yangi Yil Bayrami"
  • 14 January: Day of Defenders of the Motherland, "Vatan Himoyachilari kuni"
  • 8 March: International Women's Day, "Xalqaro Xotin-Qizlar kuni"
  • 21 March: Nowruz, "Navroʻz Bayrami"
  • 9 May: Remembrance Day, "Xotira va Qadirlash kuni"
  • 1 September: Independence Day, "Mustaqillik kuni"
  • 1 October: Teacher's Day, "Oʻqituvchi va Murabbiylar"
  • 8 December: Constitution Day, "Konstitutsiya kuni"
  • End of Ramazon Ramazon Hayit Eid al-Fitr
  • 70 days later Qurbon Hayit Eid al-Adha
...
Wikipedia

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