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Afghanistan

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

  • د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریت
    Da Afġānistān Islāmī Jumhoryat  (Pashto)

  • جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان
    Jomhūrīyyeh Eslāmīyyeh Afġānestān

Flag of Afghanistan
Coat of arms of Afghanistan
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: لا إله إلا الله، محمد رسول الله
"Lā ʾilāha ʾillā llāh, Muhammadun rasūlu llāh"
"There is no god but God; Muhammad is the messenger of God. (Shahada)
Anthem: Millī Surūd
ملي سرود
"The National Anthem"
Location of Afghanistan
Location of Afghanistan
Capital
and largest city
Kabul
34°32′N 69°08′E / 34.533°N 69.133°E / 34.533; 69.133
Official languages
Ethnic groups 37% Pashtun
29% Tajiks
25% Hazara
9% Uzbeks
5% Aimaq
3% Turkmen
2% Baloch
Religion Islam
Demonym Afghan
Government Unitary presidential Islamic republic
• President
Ashraf Ghani
Abdullah Abdullah
Legislature National Assembly
House of Elders
House of the People
Establishment
April 1709
19 August 1919
Area
• Total
652,864 km2 (252,072 sq mi) (41st)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• 2016 estimate
33,332,025 (40th)
• Density
49.88/km2 (129.2/sq mi) (150th)
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
• Total
$65.295 billion
• Per capita
$1,994
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
• Total
$19.654 billion
• Per capita
$600
Gini (2008) 29
low
HDI (2014) Increase 0.465
low · 171st
Currency Afghani (AFN)
Time zone D† (UTC+4:30 Solar Calendar)
Drives on the right
Calling code +93
ISO 3166 code AF
Internet TLD .af افغانستان.

Coordinates: 33°N 65°E / 33°N 65°E / 33; 65

Afghanistan Listeni/æfˈɡænstæn/ (Pashto/Dari: افغانستان, Afġānistān), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia. It has a population of approximately 32 million, making it the 42nd most populous country in the world. It is bordered by Pakistan in the south and east; Iran in the west; Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan in the north; and China in the far northeast. Its territory covers 652,000 km2 (252,000 sq mi), making it the 41st largest country in the world.


Ethnic groups in Afghanistan
Ethnic group 2004–2014 estimate Pre-2004 estimate
Pashtun 42% 38–55%
Tajik 27% 26% (of this 1% are Qizilbash)
Hazara 8% 9–10%
Uzbek 9% 6–8%
Aimaq 4% 500,000 to 800,000
Turkmen 3% 2.5%
Baloch 2% 100,000
Others (Pashayi, Nuristani, Arab, Brahui, Pamiri, Gurjar, etc.) 4% 6.9%


  • د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریت
    Da Afġānistān Islāmī Jumhoryat  (Pashto)

  • جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان
    Jomhūrīyyeh Eslāmīyyeh Afġānestān
  • Meek, James. Worse than a Defeat. London Review of Books, Vol. 36, No. 24, December 2014, pages 3–10
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