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Flag of Ontario
Coat of arms of Ontario
Coat of arms
Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin)
("Loyal she began, loyal she remains")
Canadian Provinces and Territories
Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st, with QC, NS, NB)
Capital Toronto
Largest city Toronto
Largest metro Greater Toronto Area
 • Type Constitutional monarchy
 • Lieutenant Governor Elizabeth Dowdeswell
 • Premier Kathleen Wynne (Liberal)
Legislature Legislative Assembly of Ontario
Federal representation (in Canadian Parliament)
House seats 121 of 338 (35.8%)
Senate seats 24 of 105 (22.9%)
 • Total 1,076,395 km2 (415,598 sq mi)
 • Land 917,741 km2 (354,342 sq mi)
 • Water 158,654 km2 (61,257 sq mi)  14.7%
Area rank Ranked 4th
  10.8% of Canada
Population (2011)
 • Total 12,851,821
 • Estimate (2016 Q4) 14,063,256
 • Rank Ranked 1st
 • Density 14/km2 (40/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Ontarian
Official languages English
 • Rank 1st
 • Total (2013) C$695.705 billion
 • Per capita C$51,340 (7th)
Time zone Eastern: UTC -5/-4
(east of 90th meridian west and Pickle Lake)
Eastern: UTC -5 (No DST)
Central: UTC -6/-5
Postal abbr. ON
Postal code prefix K L M N P
ISO 3166 code CA-ON
Flower White Trillium
Tree Eastern White Pine
Bird Common loon
Website www.ontario.ca
Rankings include all provinces and territories

Ontario (Listeni/ɒnˈtɛəri/; French pronunciation: ​[ɔ̃taʁjo]), one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada, is located in east-central Canada. It is Canada's most populous province by a large margin, accounting for nearly 40 percent of all Canadians, and is the second-largest province in total area. Ontario is fourth-largest in total area when the territories of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut are included. It is home to the nation's capital city, Ottawa, and the nation's most populous city, Toronto.

Ontario is bordered by the province of Manitoba to the west, Hudson Bay and James Bay to the north, and Quebec to the east and northeast, and to the south by the U.S. states of (from west to east) Minnesota, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania and New York. Almost all of Ontario's 2,700 km (1,678 mi) border with the United States follows inland waterways: from the west at Lake of the Woods, eastward along the major rivers and lakes of the Great Lakes/Saint Lawrence River drainage system. These are the Rainy River, the Pigeon River, Lake Superior, the St. Marys River, Lake Huron, the St. Clair River, Lake St. Clair, the Detroit River, Lake Erie, the Niagara River, Lake Ontario and along the St. Lawrence River from Kingston, Ontario, to the Quebec boundary just east of Cornwall, Ontario. There is only about 1 km (0.6 mi) of land border made up of portages including Height of Land Portage on the Minnesota border.