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New York (state)

State of New York
Flag of New York State seal of New York
Flag Seal
Nickname(s): The Empire State
Motto(s): Excelsior (Latin)
Ever upward
State song(s): "I Love New York"
Map of the United States with New York highlighted
Official language None
Spoken languages
Demonym New Yorker
Capital Albany
Largest city New York City
Largest metro New York City metropolitan area
Area Ranked 27th
 • Total 54,555 sq mi
(141,300 km2)
 • Width 285 miles (455 km)
 • Length 330 miles (530 km)
 • % water 13.5
 • Latitude 40° 30′ N to 45° 1′ N
 • Longitude 71° 51′ W to 79° 46′ W
Population Ranked 4th
 • Total 19,795,791 (2015 est)
 • Density 416.42/sq mi  (159/km2)
Ranked 7th
 • Median household income $58,005 (2016) (23rd)
 • Highest point Mount Marcy
5,344 ft (1,629 m)
 • Mean 1,000 ft  (300 m)
 • Lowest point Atlantic Ocean
sea level
Admission to Union July 26, 1788 (11th)
Governor Andrew Cuomo (D)
Lieutenant Governor Kathy Hochul (D)
Legislature New York Legislature
 • Upper house State Senate
 • Lower house State Assembly
U.S. Senators Chuck Schumer (D)
Kirsten Gillibrand (D)
U.S. House delegation 18 Democrats,
9 Republicans (list)
Time zone Eastern: UTC -5/-4
ISO 3166 US-NY
Abbreviations NY
Website www.ny.gov
New York state symbols
Living insignia
Bird Eastern bluebird
Fish Brook trout (fresh water), Striped bass (salt water)
Flower Rose
Insect Nine-spotted ladybug
Mammal Beaver
Reptile Common snapping turtle
Tree Sugar maple
Inanimate insignia
Beverage Milk
Fossil Eurypterus remipes
Gemstone Garnet
Motto Excelsior
Shell Bay scallop
State route marker
New York state route marker
State quarter
New York quarter dollar coin
Released in 2001
Lists of United States state symbols

New York is a state in the northeastern United States, and is the 27th-most extensive, fourth-most populous, and seventh-most densely populated U.S. state. New York is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south and Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Vermont to the east. The state has a maritime border in the Atlantic Ocean with Rhode Island, east of Long Island, as well as an international border with the Canadian provinces of Quebec to the north and Ontario to the west and north. The state of New York, with an estimated 19.8 million residents in 2015, is often referred to as New York State to distinguish it from New York City, the state's most populous city and its economic hub.

With an estimated population of 8.55 million in 2015, New York City is the most populous city in the United States and the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States. The New York City Metropolitan Area is one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world. New York City is a global city, exerting a significant impact upon commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and entertainment, its fast pace defining the term . The home of the United Nations Headquarters, New York City is an important center for international diplomacy and has been described as the cultural and financial capital of the world, as well as the world's most economically powerful city. New York City makes up over 40% of the population of New York State. Two-thirds of the state's population lives in the New York City Metropolitan Area, and nearly 40% lives on Long Island. Both the state and New York City were named for the 17th-century Duke of York, future King James II of England. The next four most populous cities in the state are Buffalo, Rochester, Yonkers, and Syracuse, while the state capital is Albany.