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United States House of Representatives

United States House of Representatives
115th United States Congress
Seal of the U.S. House of Representatives
Seal of the House
Flag of the United States House of Representatives
Flag of the U.S. House of Representatives
Term limits
New session started
January 3, 2017 (2017-01-03)
Paul Ryan (R)
Since October 29, 2015
Kevin McCarthy (R)
Since August 1, 2014
Nancy Pelosi (D)
Since January 3, 2011
Steve Scalise (R)
Since August 1, 2014
Steny Hoyer (D)
Since January 3, 2011
Seats 435 voting members
6 non-voting members
United States House of Representatives 2017.svg
Political groups
Majority (240)
Minority (193)
Vacant (2)
Length of term
Two years
Last election
November 8, 2016
Next election
November 6, 2018
Redistricting State legislatures or redistricting commissions, varies by state
Meeting place
House of Representatives chamber
United States Capitol
Washington, D.C., United States

The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress which, along with the Senate, composes the legislature of the United States.

The composition and powers of the House are established by Article One of the United States Constitution. The House is composed of representatives who sit in congressional districts which are allocated to each of the 50 states on a basis of population as measured by the U.S. Census, with each district entitled one representative. Since its inception in 1789, all representatives are elected popularly. The total number of voting representatives is fixed by law at 435. As of the 2010 Census, the largest delegation is that of California, with fifty-three representatives; the smallest is shared by seven states: Alaska, Delaware, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, and Wyoming, each with a single representative.

The House is charged with the passage of federal legislation, known as bills, which, after concurrence by the Senate, are sent to the President for consideration. In addition to this basic power, the House has certain exclusive powers of which include the power to initiate all bills related to revenue, the impeachment of federal officers, who are sent to trial in the Senate, and in cases wherein no candidate receives a majority of electors for President, the duty falls upon the House to elect one of the top three recipients of electors for that office, with one vote given to each state for that purpose.