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Northeast China

Northeast China
Northeast China.svg
Northeast China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning)
Portions of Inner Mongolia included in development plan in light red.
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 中国东北
Traditional Chinese 中國東北
Literal meaning Northeast China
Alternative Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 东北三省
Traditional Chinese 東北三省
Literal meaning Three Northeastern Provinces
Second alternative Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 满洲
Traditional Chinese 滿洲
Literal meaning Manchuria
Manchu name
Manchu script ᠮᠠᠨᠵᡠ
Romanization Manju

Northeast China (simplified Chinese: 中国东北; traditional Chinese: 中國東北; pinyin: Zhōngguó Dōngběi) or Dongbei is a geographical region of China. It also historically corresponds with the term Manchuria in the English language. It consists specifically of the three provinces of Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang, collectively referred as the Three Northeastern Provinces (东北三省, Dōngběi sānshěng), but broadly also encompasses the eastern part of Inner Mongolia. The region is separated from Far Eastern Russia to the north largely by the Amur, Argun and Ussuri rivers, from North Korea to the south by the Yalu River and Tumen River, and from the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region to the west by the Greater Khingan Range. The heartland of the region is the Northeast China Plain. Due to the shrinking of its once-powerful industrial sector and decline of its economic growth, the region is called the Rust Belt in China. As the result, a campaign named Northeast Area Revitalization Plan has been launched by the State Council of the People's Republic of China, in which five prefecture-level cities of eastern Inner Mongolia, namely Xilin Gol, Chifeng, Tongliao, Hinggan and Hulunbuir, are also formally defined as regions of the Northeast. The region is nearly congruent with some definitions of "Manchuria" in historical foreign usage.


GB ISO № Province Chinese Name Capital Population Density Area Abbreviation/Symbol
LN 21 Liaoning Province 辽宁省
Liáoníng Shěng
Shenyang 43,746,323 299.83 145,900
Liáo
JL 22 Jilin Province 吉林省
Jílín Shěng
Changchun 27,462,297 146.54 187,400
HL 23 Heilongjiang Province 黑龙江省
Hēilóngjiāng Shěng
Harbin 38,312,224 84.38 454,000
Hēi

  • Thomas R. Gottschang and Diana Lary: Swallows and Settlers - The Great Migration from North China to Manchuria, Centre for Chinese Studies, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 2000
  • Michael Meyer: In Manchuria: A Village Called Wasteland and the Transformation of Rural China, Bloomsbury Press, 2015,
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Wikipedia

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