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Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China
Região Administrativa Especial de Macau da República Popular da China
Flag of Macau
Emblem of Macau
Flag Emblem
Marcha dos Voluntários (March of the Volunteers)
City flower
Nelumbo nucifera (蓮花)
Macau locator map.svg
Status Special Administrative Region
Official languages
Writing systems
Ethnic groups
Demonym Macanese
Sovereign state China
Government Special administrative region
Fernando Chui
Sonia Chan
Sam Hou Fai
Ho Iat Seng
Legislature Legislative Assembly
1 December 1887
20 December 1999
• Total
30.5 km2 (11.8 sq mi) (235th)
• August 2016 census
• Density
21,411/km2 (55,454.2/sq mi) (1st)
GDP (PPP) 2013 estimate
• Total
$80.765 billion (85th)
• Per capita
$142,599 (1st)
GDP (nominal) 2013 estimate
• Total
$51.753 billion (81st)
• Per capita
$91,376 (4th)
HDI (2014) Steady 0.894
very high · 18th
Currency Macanese pataca (MOP)
Time zone MST (UTC+8)
• Summer (DST)
not observed (UTC)
Drives on the left
Calling code +853
ISO 3166 code MO
Internet TLD .mo
  1. ^ The government of Macau is a Multi-Party form of government.
Macau in Chinese T.png
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 澳門
Simplified Chinese 澳门
Literal meaning Bay gate
Macao Special Administrative Region
Traditional Chinese 澳門特別行政區 (or 澳門特區)
Simplified Chinese 澳门特别行政区 (or 澳门特区)
Portuguese name
Portuguese Região Administrativa Especial de Macau
(for "Macau Special Administrative Region")
pronounced: [ʁɨʒiˈɐ̃w̃ ɐdminiʃtɾɐˈtivɐ (ɨ)ʃpɨsiˈaɫ dɨ mɐˈkaw]
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Historic Centre of Macao
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Senado Square in Macau
Location Macau
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iii, iv, vi
Reference 1110
UNESCO region Asia-Pacific
Inscription history
Inscription 2005 (29th Session)

Macau (Listeni/məˈk/; ; ; literally: "Bay Gate"), (in Portuguese, which is still widely used in the city) also spelled Macao (in English), officially the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory on the western side of the Pearl River Delta in East Asia. Macau is bordered by the city of Zhuhai in China to the North and the Pearl River Estuary to the East and South. Hong Kong lies about 64 kilometres (40 mi) to its East across the Delta. With a population of 650,900 living in an area of 30.5 km2 (11.8 sq mi), it is the most densely populated region in the world.

Macau was administered by the Portuguese Empire and its inheritor states from the mid-16th century until late 1999, when it constituted the last remaining European colony in Asia. Portuguese traders first settled in Macau in the 1550s. In 1557, Macau was rented to Portugal from Ming China as a trading port. The Portuguese Empire administered the city under Chinese authority and sovereignty until 1887, when Macau, through a mutual agreement between the two countries, became a colony. Sovereignty over Macau was transferred back to China on 20 December 1999. The Joint Declaration on the Question of Macau and Macau Basic Law stipulate that Macau operate with a high degree of autonomy until at least 2049, fifty years after the transfer.


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