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|閩南語 / 闽南语 Bân-lâm-gú|
Koa-a books, Min Nan written in Chinese characters
|Native to||China, Taiwan, Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, Myanmar and other areas of Southern Min and Hoklo settlement|
|Region||Southern Fujian province; the Chaozhou-Shantou (Chaoshan) area and Leizhou Peninsula in Guangdong province; extreme south of Zhejiang province; much of Hainan province (if Hainanese or Qiong Wen is included); and most of Taiwan.|
|47 million (2007)|
|Chinese characters; Latin|
Official language in
|None; one of the statutory languages for public transport announcements in Taiwan|
|Regulated by||None (The Republic of China Ministry of Education and some NGOs are influential in Taiwan)|
Subgroups of Southern Min
|Literal meaning||"Language of Southern Min [Fujian]"|
|Hanyu Pinyin||Mǐnnán yǔ|
|Yale Romanization||Máhn-nàahm yúh|
Southern Min, or Minnan, is a branch of Min Chinese spoken in certain parts of China including southern Fujian, eastern Guangdong, Hainan, and southern Zhejiang, and in Taiwan. The Min Nan dialects are also spoken by descendants of emigrants from these areas in diaspora, most notably the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore.
In common parlance, Southern Min usually refers to Hokkien, including Amoy and Taiwanese Hokkien; both are combinations of Quanzhou and Zhangzhou speeches. The Southern Min dialect group also includes Teochew, though Teochew has limited mutual intelligibility with Hokkien. Hainanese is not mutually intellgible with other Southern Min and is often considered a separate branch of Min. Southern Min is not mutually intelligible with Eastern Min, Puxian Min, any other Min branch, Hakka, Cantonese, Shanghainese or Mandarin.
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