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Akkadian Empire

Akkadian Empire
circa 2350 BC — circa 2150 BC
Map of the Akkadian Empire (brown) and the directions in which military campaigns were conducted (yellow arrows)
Capital Akkad
Languages Akkadian
Religion Sumerian religion
Government Monarchy
 •  2334–2279 BC Sargon (first)
 •  2170–2154 BC Shu-turul (last)
Historical era Bronze Age
 •  Established circa 2350 BC
 •  Conquests of Sargon of Akkad circa 2340 BC — circa 2284 BC
 •  Disestablished circa 2150 BC
 •  2334 BC 800,000 km² (308,882 sq mi)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Second Mariote Kingdom
Sumer (Gutian dynasty)
Third Mariote Kingdom
Today part of

Coordinates: 33°6′N 44°6′E / 33.100°N 44.100°E / 33.100; 44.100

The Akkadian Empire /əˈkdiən/ was the first ancient Semitic-speaking empire of Mesopotamia, centered in the city of Akkad /ˈækæd/ and its surrounding region, also called Akkad in ancient Mesopotamia and Accad in the Bible (Genesis 10:10). The empire united all the Akkadian and Sumerian speakers under one rule. The Akkadian Empire controlled Mesopotamia (modern Iraq, Kuwait, northeast Syria and southeast Turkey), the Levant (modern Syria and Lebanon), and eastern and southern parts of Anatolia (modern Turkey) and Iran, sending military expeditions as far south as Dilmun and Magan (modern Bahrain and Oman) in the Arabian Peninsula.


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