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American Revolutionary War

American Revolutionary War
Clockwise from top left: Surrender of Lord Cornwallis after the Siege of Yorktown, Battle of Trenton, The Death of General Warren at the Battle of Bunker Hill, Battle of Long Island, Battle of Guilford Court House
Date April 19, 1775 – September 3, 1783
(8 years, 4 months and 15 days)
Ratification effective: May 12, 1784
Location Eastern North America, Caribbean Sea, Indian subcontinent,Central America, Europe,Africa, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Indian Ocean

Peace of Paris


United Colonies (before 1776)
United States (after 1776)
Vermont (from 1777)
Kingdom of France France (from 1778)

Spain Spain (from 1779)

Native Americans

Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain

Native Americans

Commanders and leaders

United States George Washington
United States Nathanael Greene
United States Horatio Gates
Esek Hopkins
Kingdom of France Comte de Rochambeau
Kingdom of France Comte de Grasse Surrendered

...full list

Kingdom of Great Britain Sir William Howe
Kingdom of Great Britain Thomas Gage
Kingdom of Great Britain Sir Guy Carleton
Kingdom of Great Britain Sir Henry Clinton
Kingdom of Great Britain Lord Cornwallis Surrendered
Kingdom of Great Britain John Burgoyne Surrendered
Kingdom of Great Britain Richard Howe
Wilhelm Knyphausen
Brunswick-Lüneburg Arms.svg Baron Riedesel Surrendered

...full list

United States:
40,000 (Average)
5,000 Continental Navy sailors (at height in 1779)
no ships of the line
53 other ships (active at some point during the war)

36,000 French (in America)
63,000 French and Spanish (at Gibraltar)
146 ships of the line (active 1782)

Native Allies: Unknown

Great Britain:
48,000 (average, North America only)
7,500 (at Gibraltar)
94 ships of the line (active 1782)
171,000 Sailors

Loyalist forces:
19,000 (total number that served)

German auxiliaries:
30,000 (total number that served)

Native Allies: 13,000
Casualties and losses

United States:
6,824 killed in battle
25,000–70,000 dead from all causes
Overall casualties up to 50,000
France: 10,000 battle deaths (75% at sea) Spain: 5,000 killed

Netherlands: 500 killed

Great Britain:
4,000 army troops killed in battle (North America only)
27,000 army troops died of disease (North America)
1,243 navy killed in battle, 42,000 deserted, 18,500 died from disease (1776–1780)
At least 51,000 dead from all causes

Germans: 1,800 killed in battle
4,888 deserted
7,774 dead from all causes

Peace of Paris

United Colonies (before 1776)
United States (after 1776)
Vermont (from 1777)
Kingdom of France France (from 1778)

These people show a spirit and conduct against us they never showed against the French….They are now spirited up by a rage and enthusiasm as great as ever people were possessed of and you must proceed in earnest or give the business up. A small body acting in one spot will not avail, you must have large armies making diversions on different sides, to divide their force. The loss we have sustained is greater than we can bear. Small armies cannot afford such losses, especially when the advantage gained tends to do little more than the gaining of a post.


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