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Valencian Community

Valencian Community

Valencian Country
Autonomous community
Flag of the Valencian Country
Coat-of-arms of the Valencian Community
Coat of arms
Anthem: Himne de València
"Anthem of Valencia"
Location of the Valencian Community in Spain
Location of the Valencian Community within Spain and Iberia
Coordinates: 39°30′N 0°45′W / 39.500°N 0.750°W / 39.500; -0.750Coordinates: 39°30′N 0°45′W / 39.500°N 0.750°W / 39.500; -0.750
Country Spain
Capital Valencia
Provinces Alicante, Castellón, and Valencia
 • Type Devolved government in a constitutional monarchy
 • Body Generalitat Valenciana
 • President Ximo Puig (PSPV-PSOE)
 • Total 23,255 km2 (8,979 sq mi)
Area rank 8th (4.6% of Spain)
Population (2011)
 • Total 4,980,689
 • Density 210/km2 (550/sq mi)
 • Pop. rank 4th (10.4% of Spain)
Demonym(s) Valencian
valencià, -ana (va)

valenciano, -na (es)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166-2 VC
Area code +34 96
Official languages Valencian and Spanish
Statute of Autonomy 1 July 1982
10 April 2006
Patron Saint Vincent Ferrer
Parliament 99 deputies
Congress 32 deputies (out of 350)
Senate 17 senators (out of 264)
Website Generalitat Valenciana
1.^ According to the current legislation the official name is in Valencian Comunitat Valenciana.

The Valencian Community, or the Valencian Country, is an autonomous community of Spain. It is the fourth most populated after Andalusia, Catalonia and Madrid with more than 4.9 million inhabitants. It is often homonymously identified with its capital Valencia, which is Spain's third largest city. It is located along the Mediterranean coast in the south-east of the Iberian peninsula. It borders with Catalonia to the north, Aragon and Castile–La Mancha to the west, and Murcia to the south. It is formed by the provinces of Castellón, Valencia and Alicante.

According to its Statute of Autonomy, the Valencian people are a nationality. Their origins date back to the Catalan-Aragonese colonization of the Moorish Taifa of Valencia, which was taken by James I of Aragon in 1238 during the Reconquista. The newly founded Kingdom of Valencia was granted wide self-government under the Crown of Aragon with the promulgation of its Furs in 1261. Valencia experienced its golden age in the 15th century, becoming the economic and cultural capital of the Crown and contributing with the most important works of Catalan medieval literature. Self-government continued after the unification of the Spanish Kingdom, but was eventually suspended in 1707 by Phillip V of Spain as a result of the Spanish War of Succession. Valencian nationalism resurged towards the end of the 19th century, which led to the modern conception of the Valencian Country. Self-government under the Generalitat Valenciana was finally reestablished in 1982 after Spanish transition to democracy.


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