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Rose Revolution

Rose Revolution
Part of the Colour revolutions
Demonstrators spending the night in front of the Georgian Parliament in Tbilisi
Date November 2003
Location Georgia
Causes Economic mismanagement,
Electoral fraud,
Political corruption,
State failure
Goals European integration,
Free elections,
Reintegration of Abkhazia, Adjara and South Ossetia,
Resignation of Eduard Shevardnadze
Methods Widespread demonstrations
Status Ended
Parties to the civil conflict
Lead figures

Government of Georgia

The Revolution of Roses, often translated into English as the Rose Revolution (Georgian: ვარდების რევოლუცია vardebis revolutsia), describes a pro-Western peaceful change of power in Georgia in November 2003. The revolution was brought about by widespread protests over the disputed parliamentary elections and culminated in the ouster of President Eduard Shevardnadze, which marked the end of the Soviet era of leadership in the country. The event derives its name from the climactic moment, when demonstrators led by Mikheil Saakashvili stormed the Parliament session with red roses in hand.

Consisting of twenty days worth of protests, the Revolution triggered new presidential and parliamentary elections in Georgia, which established the United National Movement as the dominant ruling party. Following the Rose Revolution, Georgia pursued a decidedly pro-Western foreign policy and declared European and Euro-Atlantic integration as its main priority; this change in trajectory contributed to Georgia's tensions with Russia, which continue to this day.


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